I have accumulated more than my share of debts during the years that this book has been in preparation. I owe a tremendous debt to the nearly 200 individuals who agreed to participate in this study. Because I assured them I would not identify anyone, my appreciation must be expressed to them as a group.
The research was aided by a grant from the National Science Foundation (Grant No. SES8111984). The Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation at Pennsylvania State University provided invaluable administrative and clerical support during my field research. I would like to thank Irwin Feller, the Institute's director, along with Greta O'Toole and Mary Jane Johnson for their assistance during the initial stages of this project. Bates College provided me with a course reduction to write the book. Doug Hodgkin, chairman of the Department of Political Science, generously rearranged my teaching responsibilities so that I could deliver the manuscript on time. Claire Schmoll and Carmen Bartlett typed the manuscript. and refused to get annoyed or induce guilt when I submitted more revisions.
When I first considered this study, Bruce Williams and Jim Eisenstein listened to my ideas and posed challenging questions that helped clarify my thinking. Robert Friedman, Dan Katkin, Bruce Murphy, Tom Weko, Jim Rogers, Susan Pearlstein, and Steve Kessler also provided helpful comments. Christine Harrington read the study when it was in its early stages and offered excellent suggestions