The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature

By Eva Martin Sartori; Colette H. Winn et al. | Go to book overview

C
Calages, Marie Pech (or Puech) de ( 1630-1661). Writer. Born in the region of Ancenis, the Pech family was forced to move to the Languedoc as the result of a duel in which her father fought. As a young woman she showed a talent for poetry* and submitted a number of entries to the Jeux Floraux of Toulouse, for which she won several prizes. In 1649 she married Henri de Calages, an educated person who possessed a taste for learning and a substantial library. The couple shared an interest in writing, and both composed poetry, Henri's favorite subject being the joys of family life, while the only surviving work of Marie is the more public, epic poem Judith, ou la Délivrance de Béthulie, poème saint, published in 1660 to honor the new queen of France, Marie-Thérèse. Both Louis XIV and his bride were so impressed with Calages's work that they accorded her a pension and named Calages, who was pregnant at the time, as wet-nurse of their first child. Although there is no evidence that Calages knew the poem Imitation de la victoire de Judich ( 1594) by Gabrielle de Coignard*, she does acknowledge her indebtedness to Du Bartas Judit ( 1574). She continued to work through her pregnancy, revising Judith and composing new work, including a poem on the presentation of the Virgin in the Temple; both the revision and the new work are lost. Marie died in childbirth on October 8, 1661. Hannah Fournier
BIBLIOGRAPHY

Primary Text
Judith, ou la Délivrance de Béthulie, poème saint dédié à la Reyne par Mademoiselle de Calages. Toulouse: Par Arnaud Colomiez, 1660.

Secondary Texts
Lahondès, J. de. "Une Poétesse épique toulousaine." Revue des Pyrénées 15 ( 1903): 583-603.

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The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Note x
  • A Feminist History of French Literature xi
  • Bibliography xv
  • Bibliography xx
  • Bibliography xxiii
  • Bibliography xxvi
  • Bibliography xxx
  • Bibliography xxxv
  • A 3
  • B 34
  • C 72
  • D 137
  • E 171
  • F 195
  • G 223
  • H 250
  • I 266
  • J 275
  • K 280
  • L 287
  • M 333
  • O 400
  • P 404
  • Q 447
  • R 451
  • S 483
  • T 524
  • V 542
  • W 554
  • Y 563
  • Appendix A: General Bibliography 567
  • Appendix B: Chronology of French Women Writers 573
  • Index 585
  • Contributors 631
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