ALL AUTHORS owe a tremendous debt to many people. This is particularly true in my case, where people from different disciplines have given me the benefit of their encouragement, advice, and support. Whatever faults remain are solely due to my stubborn insistence and are completely my responsibility.
First and foremost, I would like to thank Robert E. Denton, Jr., for his time, help, and advice. Kathleen Kendall, Craig A. Smith, and Justin Gustainis all sent many helpful and interesting ideas in my direction. George Graham, series editor at Chatham House, furnished insightful (and expeditious) commentary. Thomas Cronin provided encouragement and helpful comments. The students in my presidency class and American government seminars provided insight and enough questions to keep me always honest. I thank them.
I spent the fall of 1990 as a National Endowment for the Humanities fellow at the Project on the Rhetoric of Inquiry (POROI), the University of Iowa. Not only did this allow me to devote my time and energy to completing this project but I also gained immeasurably from the criticism and advice of the other scholars. They gave me the benefit of their advice, criticism, and support. Many thanks are due to these POROI scholars for their kindness, their generosity, and their scholarly acumen: Fred Antczak, Francis A. Beer, G.R Boynton, Kenneth Cmiel, Marianne Constable, Robert Harriman, William Lewis, John Nelson, and Ira Strauber. Special thanks to John Nelson and Katy Neckerman for administrating the workshop.
Projects such as this depend on the support of family and friends. Susan Prieto, Jennifer Hall Beese, Joseph Dolan, Karen Dolan, Mike Ferry, Laurie Rhodebeck, and Melanie Trexler provided all the support any one could ask for, and then some. To my parents, I owe a special debt of grat-