The International Movie Industry

By Gorham Kindem | Go to book overview

7 Iran

Hamid Naficy


Siment Period (1900-1930)

In a recent interview in Paris, a journalist asked renowned Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami to evaluate the status of the current cinema from Iran. With a mixture of pride and satisfaction, he answered: "I think of it as one of Iran's major exports: in addition to pistachio nuts, carpets, and oil, now there's the cinema."1 It has not always been so, even though Iranian cinema is one of the oldest and most active in the Middle East and the Third World. Until 1930, when the first Iranian feature fiction was released, only nonfiction films had been produced. Before World War I, most documentaries were sponsored and viewed by the Qajar royal family and the upper classes, thus creating a model of a private, sponsored cinema. The films themselves were "primitive" in that narratologically they were simple, consisting of footage of news events, actualities, and spectacles involving the royalty, usually filmed in long shot. Although occasionally documentary productions are mentioned, this chapter is centrally concerned with feature fictional films.

Despite a general dearth of reliable information, thanks to the travel diary of Muzzafared-Din Shah Qajar, we can pinpoint with rare accuracy the circumstances of the first Iranian nonfiction footage. The date is August 18, 1900; the location is the city of Ostend, Belgium; the occasion is Muzzafared- Din Shah's review of a "flower parade," during which some fifty floats laden with women pass by the shah, throwing bouquets of flowers at him, which he joyously returns; the cinematographer is Mirza Ebrahim Khan Akkasbashi, the official court photographer;2 and the camera he used is a Gaumont, which he had purchased on order of the shah a few weeks earlier in Paris.3 In Iran, Akkasbashi filmed Moharram Shii religious ceremonies and other spectacles such as the lions in the royal zoo. These films along with French and Russian newsreels were shown at the houses of dignitaries and the royal palace during wedding, birth, and circumcision ceremonies.4

-99-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The International Movie Industry
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Japan 7
  • 3 - China 22
  • 4 - India 36
  • 5 - Australia 60
  • 6 - Israel 78
  • 7 - Iran 99
  • 8 - Senegal 117
  • 9 - South Africa 140
  • 10 - Hungary 165
  • 11 - Soviet Union/Russia 178
  • 12 - France 195
  • 13 - Germany 206
  • 14 - Italy 223
  • 15 - Great Britain 234
  • 16 - Sweden 247
  • 17 - Brazil 257
  • 18 - Mexico 273
  • 19 - Canada 292
  • 20 - United States 309
  • 21 - Conclusion 331
  • Index 403
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 422

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.