Modern research in human sexuality began with the 1948 report on male sexuality and the 1950 report on female sexuality by Alfred Kinsey and his colleagues. Nearly every empirical study referenced in this work used one or both of these studies as a jumping off point. While the Kinsey studies provide researchers with the most comprehensive look at human sexual behaviors in the United States, the studies by Masters and Johnson provide us with information about the sexual response itself. No other major study has attempted to study sexual behavior "up close." Nearly every other person whose work is listed in this book references these studies. Shere Hite's 1976 report on female sexuality also provides information about sexual behavior and response and relies on questionnaire data. Hite's work is cited by many other investigators of female sexuality. The only other major study of sexuality in recent years is the 1993 Janus Report.
Also included in this chapter are books which, although not scientific studies, have had a major impact on the way people in the United States think about sexual expression and therefore have influenced both the design and findings of scientific studies. Two of these books are Alex Comfort The Joy of Sex and David Reuben Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Sex. Widely read by the general public, and still sold in book stores, these works often appear in the reference list of writers whose works appear in scientific journals. A third book, frequently cited by other writers although not based on a