We have already noted that Fournier, pioneer in cutting decorated letters in typography, produced the first shaded types also and showed several sizes in his Manuel of 1764- 1766.
Later, when advertising faces were cut these were equipped with shaded versions but 'the earlier shaded letters fell out of use as decorative material for bookwork'1 and seem rarely to have been used for the next hundred years.
The simplest form of shaded type is one in which a single white line runs down either the left or the right (but more usually the left) of the thick strokes. Types of this kind are still called hand-tooled, the term originating perhaps in the compositor's efforts to tool white lines on display types, i.e. on actual metal sorts. The best of these shaded types may be used with distinction in bookwork and, of course, in many kinds of ephemeral printing. But there are others, designed for use in jobbing printing in which the shading is (a) on the left and on the right of the same stem (b) formed by three or more white lines running parallel with the sides of the thick strokes and (c) formed by horizontal white lines.
There is yet another form of shaded type probably owing its birth to the shaded letters of the early nineteenth century which in the past has been grouped under the name Inline. Present day examples vary in their basic design, some being normally seriffed romans and italics and others sans serifs. All have one thing in common--a white line (often a fine____________________