An Introduction to the History of Printing Types: An Illustrated Summary of the Main Stages in the Development of Type Design from 1440 up to the Present Day: an Aid to Type Face Identification

By Geoffrey Dowding | Go to book overview

SHADOWED
OR THREE- DIMENSIONAL1

'Unable to press any more novelty out of the modern letter as inherited from Grandjean through Fournier, Bodoni and the Didots, the nineteenth-century typefounders resorted to the exploitation of colour. It is true that Firmin Didot and Gillé enfeebled their types until they were positively unreadable by artificial light but, taking a hint from Bodoni's bolder letter cut ca. 1780, Thorne, after imitating Wilson and Caslon, all but sent printing to perdition at one stroke by his invention of the extreme fat-faced type. For a generation or more English and continental book printing suffered from these bad types. A worse novelty was reached when, in order to provide a trick three-dimensional fount, heavy black types decorated with white outline flowers were provided with a perspective-shadow. Finally, there came a queer piebald fatuity, the upper half of which is black and the lower white, or vice-versa. This monster also is found in a three-dimensional form; but, we are gratified to add, its creation seems to have exhausted both the resources of the trade and the patience of the public.'

____________________
1
'Between 1810 and 1815 were developed not only the two principles for the variation of lettering, by modification of the form and by decoration of the face, but also that idea which enormously enriched the possibilities under either principle, that of the three dimensional letter. The first shadowed letters ( 1815) are characteristic and distinct from all the hundreds of letters to follow. They are all fat faces, white outline letters with a heavy black shadow . . . The introduction was immediately enormously popular. Every founder came out in a wide range of sizes, many with italic.' Nicolette Gray. Nineteenth Century Ornamented Types and Title Pages.

-175-

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An Introduction to the History of Printing Types: An Illustrated Summary of the Main Stages in the Development of Type Design from 1440 up to the Present Day: an Aid to Type Face Identification
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Contents xv
  • List of Illustrations xvii
  • Introduction xxi
  • Part One the Book Types I 3
  • Gothic 5
  • Roman Venetian 19
  • Roman Old Face 31
  • The Italics 43
  • The Intermediate1 or Transitional Romans 59
  • The Modern-Face Romans 75
  • The Modernized Italics 87
  • Old Style 97
  • Twentieth- Century Types 101
  • Part Two the Display Types 109
  • II 109
  • Latin or Renaissance Scripts 127
  • Decorated 145
  • Shaded 155
  • Fat Face 161
  • Antique or Egyptian 169
  • Shadowed or Three-Dimensional1 175
  • Sans Serif 179
  • Reversed or Cameo 183
  • Ionic 187
  • Outline or Open 191
  • Clarendon 195
  • Calligraphic 199
  • Stencil 203
  • Typewriter 205
  • Miscellaneous Display Types 207
  • Notes on the Illustrations 209
  • Appendix I 264
  • Appendix II Serifs 267
  • Bibliography 269
  • Index 273
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