This group of faces represents the next essay on the part of the early nineteenth century typefounders in types cut specifically for the jobbing printing field. The first sans serif type appeared as a single line specimen under the name Egyptian in William Caslon IV's specimen book of 1816.This type, roughly the equivalent of Gill Bold in weight, was repeated in a specimen issued about 1819. Then apparently no more was seen of the new letter form until black, clumsy versions appeared under their correct name, sans serif, in Vincent Figgins's specimen book of 1832. In the same year William Thorowgood showed a specimen under the apt name of grotesque, a name admirably suiting many contemporary revivals of nineteenth century sans faces also. Besides the descriptive sans surryphs used by Blake and Stephenson of Sheffield in 1833 curious names were coined for these early sans serif types including Doric and Gothic, the latter 'presumably due to the fact that the early types in this style were heavy, black letters, which by their colour recalled the early gothic or black-letter types.'1
Besides being heavy & black most of the early sans serifs were titlings, with letters of monotonously uniform width, this trait, of course, deriving from the 'modern' face. Lighter cuttings of sans serif faces came later. No lower-case appears to have been cut in England before the 1870's though in America and in Germany sans serifs equipped with lower-case were in use long before that time. The Schelter and Giesecke foundry appear to have issued such a letter in 1830.
The most important characteristic of types in this group is implicit in the name--the absence of serifs. The letters are monoline, or, in other____________________