Continuing an oral tradition that had begun at Jamestown and Plymouth, the press called on all citizens to remember the successes of the past and to face the future with faith and optimism. The United States had shaken off the shackles of the European past and could now establish its own unique Republic, which would lead the rest of the world to a greater future. The partisan editors, no matter what their party affiliation, all sought this goal in their effort to convince readers that their party knew the right way to achieve this end. The reform editors such as Benjamin Lundy sought to reach this goal by pushing the nation to solve the problem(s) that stood in the way of success. Editors such as Sarah Hale and John Stuart Skinner, while appealing to a focused group of readers, also sought to improve the future of the United States by advancing the efforts of their readers in the context in which they lived. Partisanship was the mainstay of the press in this period, but everyone had the same ultimate ambition of a great nation, and all the editors, whether political in their emphasis or not, helped to create the national sense of self-identity and self-awareness that was needed for the United States to become a stable nation in the world community.