Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution 1789-1799 - Vol. 2

By Samuel F. Scott; Barry Rothaus | Go to book overview

S

SAINT-ANDRE, ANDRE-JEANBON ( 1749-1813), organizer of the Revolutionary navy, member of the Committee of Public Safety. Jeanbon was born in Montauban on 25 February 1749 to A. and M.-M. Jeanbon. His Calvinist father, owner of a fulling mill, sent him to a Jesuit collège but soon withdrew him. He joined the merchant marine in 1765, made several long voyages, and rose to the rank of captain. In 1771 he entered the Protestant seminary in Lausanne, where he was ordained a Calvinist minister in 1773. He added the Catholic-sounding "Saint-André" to his name to gain protection from religious persecution. He was a pastor at Castres from 1773 to 1782 and then at Montauban in 1788. There he became an early supporter of the Revolution and joined the Jacobins. In November 1791 he was elected to the municipal government.

Elected a deputy of the Lot to the National Convention in September 1792, he joined the Girondins but quickly abandoned them for the Montagnards. Declaring "Royalty itself is a crime," he voted for the immediate death of Louis XVI and against all appeals. On 9 March 1793 he was sent as a representative on mission to the Lot and Dordogne, where he organized military recruitment and enforced strong measures against suspects, émigrés, and refractory priests. Returning to the Convention on 27 May, he supported the arrests of the leading Girondin deputies. After the Montagnards gained dominance, the Convention elected him a member of the Committee of Public Safety (10 July), the most powerful government committee, and president of the Convention (11-25 July). He and P.-L. Prieur de la Marne spent the month of August on mission enlarging, reinforcing, and supplying the armies of the Nord, Ardennes, and Moselle.

Jeanbon's most significant role in the Revolution was to reform the navy. He found a weak and dispirited navy that was no match for the British and left a formidable fleet that could at least challenge the enemy's control of the seas. On 30 September the Committee of Public Safety directed him to go to Brest and take any measures necessary to rebuild the Atlantic fleet. During this mission, he dismissed many officers, filled the ranks with patriots, inspired Revolutionary

-859-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Historical Dictionary of the French Revolution 1789-1799 - Vol. 2
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Contributors vii
  • Preface xi
  • Abbreviations of Journals in References xv
  • M 615
  • N 703
  • O 731
  • P 739
  • Q 799
  • R 805
  • S 859
  • T 925
  • U 989
  • V 995
  • W 1019
  • X 1027
  • Y 1031
  • Z 1035
  • Chronology: Principal Events of the French Revolution 1037
  • Index 1045
  • About the Editors 1145
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 1148

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.