WATTIGNIES, BATTLE OF. See BATTLE OF WATTIGNIES.
WEISHAUPT, ADAM ( 1748-1830). See ILLUMINATI.
WESTERMANN, FRANCOIS-JOSEPH ( 1751-94), soldier, Revolutionary militant, general. Born at Molsheim (Alsace) in 1751, he became a hussar at fifteen in the Esterhazy regiment and by 1773 was a noncommissioned officer with the Royal Dragoons. He later served as an equerry in the stables of the comte d' Artois ( 1787). A year later he became échevin at Strasbourg, then a secretary in the Revolutionary municipality of Haguenau ( 1789), where he accused his predecessors of mishandling funds. Accused of insurrectionary activity in 1790 and pursued by P.-F. Dietrich, mayor of Strasbourg, he sought refuge in Paris, where he was protected by the Cordeliers ( J.-P. Marat, P.-F. Fabre d'Eglantine, and the lawyer C.-R. Buirette de Verrières).
On the eve of 10 August 1792 he was a member of the directory of the fédérés, and in the insurrection he played a leading role as commander of the fédérés from Brest, fighting in the vanguard as if he were hungry for death. He was sent by G.-J. Danton to C. Dumouriez, to participate in the negotiations with the duke of Brunswick that ultimately led to the Prussian retreat from France, as well as to serve as an aide to Dumouriez. Appointed colonel, commanding the Légion du Nord, he served at Jemappes.
A member of Dumouriez' general staff, he supported Dumouriez in his struggle against the minister of war, J.-N. Pache, for control over supplies needed by Dumouriez' forces in Belgium. He was denounced by the Lombards section of Paris for slandering their volunteers when he accused them of flight. Their commander was the Robespierrist L.-J.-B. Lavalette. He was attacked also by Marat. Taking part next in Dumouriez' invasion of Holland ( February 1793), he was successful at Gertruydenberg and Breda but was stopped at Aix-la- Chapelle and escorted back across the French border by Austrian forces. On