Fifty years after the end of World War II, historians are still fascinated with events in the Philippine Islands during the Pacific War. The fall of the Philippines in 1942 constitutes the worst defeat suffered by American arms in the course of World War II. The recovery of those islands in the war's final year is the largest single effort made by the United States in the Pacific. Many of these events (such as the American stand at Bataan in 1942 and the battle for Manila in 1945) are surrounded by high drama and considerable controversy. Likewise, the decisions of a number of central figures in the fighting, particularly General Douglas MacArthur, still generate heated discussion. Among the issues which excite analysts are General MacArthur's strategy, actions, and behavior during the early campaign of 1941-1942, President Roosevelt's failure to send reinforcements or relief to the beleaguered garrison at Bataan, the controversy in the Pacific command over whether or not to retake the Philippines at all, the conduct of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the extent of collaboration by the Filipino elite during the years of Japanese occupation, and whether or not Generals Homma and Yamashita should have been hanged for atrocities committed by troops under their command during the Bataan Death March and the battle for Manila respectively. These considerations have led to a mountain of monographic and periodical literature on World War II in the Philippines. There is a need among scholars and analysts for a source which provides an overview of the available English- language writing and can help students identify aspects of the Philippines campaigns that still need attention.
The scope of this source will be comprehensive - the place of events in the Philippines in the overall course of World War II and the Pacific War as well as military operations in and around