ON THE day the 80th Congress convened, the internal congressional situation was confused and uncertain. At stake were party offices in both branches which had been filled by Democrats for almost sixteen years.
Old-timers in the Republican party were concerned over the selection of a majority leader in the House of Representatives. It was believed, rightly or wrongly, that this office would have a great effect on the 1948 presidential campaign.
At the outset little thought was given to the selection of a chairman for the House Committee on Education and Labor.
To begin with, the Republicans had to solve the many problems that arise when control of the legislative branches shifts from one of the major political parties to the other. Moreover the Reorganization Act of 1946 had altered the basic administrative structure of both houses. Members had to decide which of the reduced number of committees afforded them the best opportunity for political advancement and, was most in line with their personal interests.