AND HIS TIMES
|1547|| Miguel de Cervantes born in Alcalá de Henares, probably on 29|
September, third child of Rodrigo de Cervantes, a surgeon, and
Leonor de Cortinas; baptized on 9 October.
|1554||Lazarillo de Tormes.|
|1556||Abdication of Charles V and accession of Philip II.|
|1558||Accession of Elizabeth I of England.|
|1561||Madrid becomes the seat of the court and capital of Spain.|
|1562||Birth of Lope de Vega.|
|1563||End of the Council of Trent.|
|1564||Birth of Shakespeare.|
|1565||Revolt of the Low Countries.|
|1566|| Rodrigo de Cervantes moves to Madrid, after living in different|
Spanish cities over the years.
|1567||First poems of Miguel de Cervantes.|
Cervantes studying at the Estudio de la Villa, Madrid, directed|
by the Erasmian humanist scholar Juan López de Hoyos.
A warrant issued for the arrest of one Miguel de Cervantes|
(identification uncertain) for wounding an opponent in a duel;
December, Cervantes in Rome.
|1570||In the service of Cardinal Acquaviva, Rome.|
Combined fleets of Venice, the Papacy, and Spain under Don|
Juan of Austria defeat the Turkish fleet at the Battle of Lepanto;
Cervantes, serving as a soldier, is wounded and loses the use of
his left hand.
|1572-3||Present on expeditions to Navarino and Tunis.|
On route to Spain, the galley in which he is travelling is seized|
by the Corsair Arnaut Mami; taken captive to Algiers.
Makes four unsuccessful attempts to escape, for which he goes|
When about to be transported to Constantinople, he is ransomed|
by the Trinitarian friars; December, back in Madrid; Philip II
|1581||Sent on official mission to Oran and returns via Lisbon.|