THE ENGLAND OF GEORGE FOX
THE life of George Fox covers that part of Stuart England which was most distinctly Puritan, the period in which the fundamental institutions of modern England were fashioned and its distinctive principles established.
He was born in 1624, the year before the accession of Charles I and his death occurred in 1691, closely following the Toleration Act ( 1689) which brought relief to the Nonconformists. Within his youth occurred the accession of Charles I, his marriage to a French Catholic princess, the Petition of Right, the personal rule of the king, Archbishop Laud's high church and Strafford's "Thorough" policies, the inequities of the Star Chamber and High Commission, the Puritan emigration to America and the assembling of the Long Parliament. His public career included the Civil Wars, the Scottish Covenant, the defeat and execution of the king, the Westminster Assembly, the rise of the sects and Nonconformity, and the Puritan Commonwealth under Cromwell, including the Protector's attempts at religious toleration, his parliaments, and government by major-generals, his Scottish, Irish and foreign wars, and his death. Fox saw the Restoration, with its im-