FRIENDS' FOREIGN MISSIONS
THE travelling ministers of the early nineteenth century kept pretty close to Quaker territory. If they preached to non-Friends, it was c to those who came to meeting or lived in Quaker neighborhoods. A few Friends, such as Elizabeth Fry, William Allen, Stephen Grellet and William Forster, visited European capitals chiefly in the interest of prison reform, religious education or the abolition of the slave trade.
The transition to regular foreign missionary work began about 1840. It had been prepared for in a measure by the acceptance of the Evangelical point of view. Foreign missions as well as religious education were part of the Evangelical program. The quietist aversion to planned and organized religious activities, however, as well as the objection to a "hireling ministry" delayed organized missions among Friends.
In 1833 Daniel Wheeler ( 1771-1840), who had already resided a long time in Russia, where he engaged in reclamation work for the Czar, went on a long voyage to the South Seas.1 He visited missionaries and their native converts in the South Sea islands from Tasmania to the Sandwich Islands. In 1830 James Backhouse ( 1794-1869) went on a religious visit to Australia and the Australasian islands with a special concern for the convicts of the penal colonies.____________________