MODERN DEVELOPMENTS IN EDUCATION
IN THIS chapter the important new features and developments of Quaker education during the whole period from 1861 to 1941 will be treated, since the changes between 1917 and 1941 are not of sufficient importance to justify a separate chapter. Educational work among the Indians, Negroes and in connection with foreign missionary work is treated in the chapters dealing with these subjects.
The characteristic and most important phrases of Quaker education in America during this period were (1) the discontinuance of elementary schools, except among eastern Friends; (2) the rise and decline of the academies in the middle and far west; and (3) the growth of the Quaker Colleges.
In this period the monthly meeting schools were generally still pioneer efforts at education in the western and southern states where Friends settled and where public schools were not yet well established. The children of nonFriends were admitted to practically all of them. They contributed to the general intelligence of their communities and stimulated the desire for greater educational facilities. Friends were as a rule leaders in the development of public schools in their communities.1 As the public school systems____________________