INSIDE THE WORD FACTORIES
HISTORY was in the making, that week of September 3, when the world exploded; and to some it might have seemed that history was in the writing, too. Over tens of thousands of teletypes clattered the story of Europe at war. Headlines screamed; date lines sprawled across page one; sensation crowded on sensation. The morning's streamer was suddenly the evening's shirttail; 7-point type swelled to 18-point, then dwindled to 7- point again. In one frenetic day, the United Press spent $6,100 to cable and wireless the copy of 500 staff men in Europe; this was, significantly, the same United Press which in 1914 reproved Karl H. von Wiegand for wasting money when he cabled 138 words on Austria-Hungary's ultimatum to Serbia. On the staff of the Associated Press in Europe were 664 men; A.P. toll charges ran to $6,200 every day, as compared with the peacetime total of $2,000. International News Service and Transradio Press also had staff men throughout Europe, as did several major dailies, notably the Christian Science Monitor, the Chicago Daily News, the New York Herald Tribune, the New York Times.
All told, some 10,000 newsmen were covering World War II, including 7,750 European journalists, the staff writers of Tass, Stefani, Domei, Havas, Reuters, Politiken, the London Times, the Manchester Guardian, L'Oeuvre, Il Popolo Romano. Among them were H. R. Knickerbocker, John T. Whitaker, Sir Philip Gibbs, Walter Duranty, Edgar Ansel Mowrer, Geneviève Tabouis, Herbert L. Matthews, Otto D. Tolischus, William H. Stoneman, G. E. R. Gedye. On their way to join