WAR propaganda is virtually as old as war itself. Today Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler stands in the Sportspalast, threatening England with Blitzkrieg; and Winston Churchill shouts in the House of Commons: "We'll sink them all!" Cato spoke in the same vein in the Roman Senate two thousand years ago, saying: "Carthage must be destroyed!" The racist propaganda of the Reich is merely an echo, which time has distorted slightly, and with unconscious irony: the Jews were Chosen People, too. Interventionists have caviled at isolationists throughout history, and especially in Syracuse when Athens was fighting Sparta. Nor is much streamlining needed to make the argument of that day as timely as Lysistrata, for Athens was democratic and Sparta was totalitarian. In the Middle Ages Saracen killed Christian in His name, as Christian now kills Christian, also in His name. The words change; the essential ideas persist. If the Allies employ historians to absolve them of war guilt, so did the Greeks during the years of their internecine warfare: Herodotus was in the pay of Athens. Philip II instigated atrocity stories about Queen Elizabeth, among them Cardinal Allen's famous Admonition to the Nobility and People of England and Ireland, which accused the Virgin Queen of every imaginable vice. Elizabeth paid writers to spread horror stories about the Spanish Inquisition. Novelists and playwrights have always done their bit. Henry VIII was propaganda for Elizabeth, and Macbeth for James I.