Pittsburgh: The Story of a City

By Leland D. Baldwin | Go to book overview

IV The Head of Iron

THE British campaign of 1758 in Pennsylvania was under the direction of the doughty, dourly handsome General John Forbes, known in western legend as the "Head of Iron," who, since he was already in the last stages of the malady that was to cause his death the next year, had to do his marching in a litter. His right hand was a Swiss lieutenant-colonel of the Royal American Regiment, Henry Bouquet, a soldier who had been trained in the wars of the European continent, but who was probably the first to develop the open order of battle that was to prove so effective against the Indians and that has become a basic principle of modern warfare. The summer of 1758 was spent by Forbes in mobilizing his six thousand motley troops, drawn from the regular army and colonial militia, and in hewing a road over the Raystown Path--a route selected in spite of the protests of Washington, who accompanied the army as one of the colonels of the Virginia troops. Evidently the interests of the Ohio Company still figured in the thoughts of loyal Virginians.

The advance, which was extremely cautious--Forbes, be it recorded, was a Scotsman--was well protected by fortified camps; and a screen of scouts so effectively veiled the movement that for several months the French, perhaps grown lax under the leader-

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Pittsburgh: The Story of a City
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Foreword ix
  • Contents xi
  • Maps xiii
  • Prologue- Lewis Evans, His Map 1
  • I- Virginia Takes a Hand in the West 13
  • II- How Are the Mighty Fallen! 27
  • III- Robbers'' Roost 38
  • IV- The Head of Iron 48
  • V- Britannia Rules the Ohio 55
  • VI- Pioneer Village in War and Peace 66
  • VII- "Intestin Broyls" 76
  • VIII- Revolt in the West 85
  • IX- Between Revolts 103
  • X- Tom the Tinker Comes to Town 117
  • XI- The Gateway to the West 129
  • XII- Genesis of an Industrial Empire 145
  • XIII- Life under the Poplars 154
  • XIV- Clapboard Democracy 172
  • XV- From Turnpike to Railroad 184
  • XVI- Civic Pittsburgh, 1810-1860 201
  • XVII- "The Birmingham of America" 218
  • XVIII- The Emergence of a Metropolis 231
  • XIX- Moral and Cultural Advancement 248
  • XX- High and Low Life 268
  • XXI- National Politics on a Local Scale 285
  • XXII- Prelude to Strife 300
  • XXIII- The Sinews of War 311
  • XXIV- The Forge of America 326
  • XXV- Two Generations of Progress 341
  • Epilogue- Trends of the Times 358
  • Errata 369
  • Errata 381
  • Maps 383
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