PITTSBURGH politics before the Whiskey Insurrection had been dominated by the "gentlemen of respectability," chief among them the members of the' Neville connection. Though the Nevilles were openly Federalist and aristocratic in their sympathies they managed to keep their offices and influence even in a predominantly democratic region because their enemies had not learned to unite. As a matter of fact that was the situation all over the country. In consequence, Jefferson, presumably in innocuous retirement upon his Virginia hilltop, was actually devoting himself untiringly to the work of building up a democratic opposition party. The growth of the Democratic party in Pittsburgh, however, owed little to Jefferson; it was the work of that old stormy petrel of the perilous days of 1794, Hugh Henry Brackenridge.
It will be remembered that Brackenridge had become an enemy of the Nevilles even before the insurrection, and that the events of that abortive political revolt merely furnished additional pegs on which each side could hang its grievances. The end of the insurrection found Brackenridge an outcast from Pittsburgh's polite society and with his battle for political rehabilitation to fight all over again. This time, however, he did