Animals and Men: Studies in Comparative Psychology

By David Katz | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VI NEEDS, DRIVES, INSTINCTS ANIMAL PSYCHOLOGY AND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF NEEDS

DURING recent years the approach to psychology from the point of view of "needs" has been gaining ground.1 The idea of needs has not only been of value in connecting various fields of investigation, which were formerly isolated, but has also led to new questions arising in present researches, which is of still greater importance. The concept of need in comparison with that of drive has the advantage of being nearer to reality, and assuredly is much less encumbered with hypotheses than is the concept of instinct. For the present it is, of course, impossible to work in animal psychology without the postulation of instincts, because they are necessary for the classification of certain forms of behaviour, but all those who understand the situation complain of the irritating sterility of this concept in any approach to new problems. It will be found, as a matter of fact, that the idea of needs will prove helpful in our attempt to find new explanations for certain types of instinctive behaviour.

____________________
1
Compare the following-- D. Katz: "Hunger und Appetit." Leipzig, 1932. D. Katz: "Zur Grundlegung einer Bedürfnispsychologie." Z. Psych., 129, 1933. Among recent publications of investigators who have stressed the idea of needs, the following may be mentioned-- E. Claparède: "Education Functionelle." Neuchâtel et Paris, 1934. M. Pradines: "Philosophie de la Sensation." "La sensibilité élementaire, les sens primaires, le sens de besoin." Strasburg, 1932. J. S. Szymansky: "Psychologie vom Standpunkt der Abhängigkeit des Erkennens von den Lebensbedürfnissen." Leipzig, 1930. K. Lewin: "A Dynamic Theory of Personality." New York and London, 1935. E. C. Tolman: "Purposive Behaviour in Animals and Men." The Century Co., New York and London. E. C. Tolman and E. Brunswick: "The Organism and the Causal Texture of the Environment,"The Psychological Review, 42, 1935.

-139-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Animals and Men: Studies in Comparative Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 266

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.