Chapter VII "EVEN NATURE OPPOSES"

THE new-born republic was not long in finding trouble on its hands. Only six days after the Declaration of Independence, some seventy Canary Islanders and creole royalists, armed and mounted, gathered in Los Teques, a mountain village twenty miles west of Caracas. Carrying a flag with the picture of Fernando and shouting "Viva El Rey! Death to the traitors!" they began a march toward the capital. Within a few hours, however, they were all prisoners of the patriot troops. They were tried quickly and sentenced. Many were exiled, sixteen were shot in the Plaza Mayor. It is claimed that Miranda insisted upon the old Spanish custom of quartering the bodies by way of warning to others, but he was overruled. These were the first castigations of the republic and were used by the Spaniards later as an excuse for their horrible cruelties, which they termed "reprisals."

On the same day, July 11, a more serious uprising occurred in the city of Valencia, the second city of the colony, eighty-five miles back in the Andes. Word reached the capital on the thirteenth and the patriot army, again under the Marqués del Toro, was sent out to subdue the city. Miranda still had not the confidence of the government and, though he had the rank of lieutenant-general, was not given a command. The gouty, easy-going old Marqués was regarded by the youthful element as "wearing better the title of marquis than that of general." He certainly proved the opinion to be true. He foolishly attacked the royalists at the Pass of La Cabrera near Lake

-58-

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Man of Glory: Simon Bolivar
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Preface xi
  • I: Guapo 1
  • Chapter I Polvorín 3
  • Chapter III an Oath in Rome 19
  • Chapter IV the Powder Keg Explodes 35
  • Chapter V the Precursor 45
  • Chapter VI the Red Cap 51
  • Chapter VII "Even Nature Opposes" 58
  • Ii: Paladin 67
  • Chapter VIII "BlessÉ Au CŒur" 69
  • Chapter IX Glory is Born 81
  • Chapter X War to the Death 92
  • Chapter XI a Gilded Chariot 106
  • Interlude a Contradiction--Liberator and Dictator 109
  • Iii: Prophet in His Own Land 117
  • Chapter XII the Infernal Legion 119
  • Chapter XIII Hussars from Spain 134
  • Chapter XIV Jamaica Letter 144
  • Interlude Hombría 152
  • Iv: Path of Glory 163
  • Chapter XV the Centaur 165
  • Chapter XVI Red Coats in Guayana 180
  • Chapter XVII the BolÍvar Constitution 195
  • Chapter XVIII "Even to Cape Horn" 208
  • Chapter XIX BoyacÁ-New Granada Liberated 219
  • Chapter XX the Colombian Union 228
  • Chapter XXI Carabobo -- Venezuela Liberated 237
  • Chapter XXII the Path Leads Southward 249
  • Chapter XXIII Pichincha -- Quito Liberated 258
  • Chapter XXIV the Land of the Incas 274
  • Chapter XXV Ayacucho--PerÚ Liberated 287
  • Interlude an Amazon and Jeweled Wreaths 296
  • V: Laurels, Not a Crown 307
  • Chapter XXVI the Pinnacle 309
  • Chapter XXVII "Everything for Glory" 320
  • Chapter XXVIII the Path Leads Downward 332
  • Postlude the Path Ends 346
  • Chapter XXIX "The Great Gentleman of Colombia" 353
  • Author's Note 361
  • Acknowledgments 367
  • Bibliography 369
  • Index 379
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