A COPY of the act which Wilson had written reached Bolívar in Angostura. The proof of the Englishman's guilt was conclusive. An order went to Páez for Wilson's arrest and he was sent down the river in chains. Bolívar had him confined in the prison at Guayana, but he contrived to escape and returned to England. It was proved later that he had been in the pay of the Spaniards, and was sent out with the legionnaires for the very purpose of causing dissension among the patriot leaders.
At the seat of government of the Third Republic there had now gathered many of the leading patriots who had served as civilian administrators in the past--among them Germán Roscio, Fernando Peñalver, Juan Martínez, Ramón Cádiz and Diego Urbaneja. Bolívar felt that it was necessary now, in view of the fact that President Monroe of the United States had recognized Venezuela as a belligerent and had sent out an agent to investigate conditions, to convoke a Congress. Therefore, he named those men to conduct an election. He formulated a plan by which the nation should be divided into six provinces --Margarita, Guayana, Caracas, Barcelona, Cumaná and Barinas--and each should elect five deputies. He ignored the fact that most of these localities were in the hands of the Spaniards. It was also provided that Mérida and Trujillo should elect deputies when they were able. Voting should be permitted all males over twenty-one if single, of any age if married, who owned land, had a profession, art or trade, or who enjoyed an annual income of 300