Chapter XXII THE PATH LEADS SOUTHWARD

IN this pessimistic spirit, in spite of his great victories and the knowledge that the final liberation of his country was at last accomplished, Bolívar set out for Cúcuta to face the Congress and to begin his heroic project in the south.

He had hoped to secure the adoption by the Colombian Congress of that idealistic and perhaps too complicated Constitution of his which the Congress of Angostura had turned down. But here again he was disappointed. The code which the Congress finally adopted was even more inclined to federalism than that of Venezuela. All Bolívar's pet ideas--censors, hereditary senate and president for life--were thrown out and the senate, president and representatives were to be removed, by half their numbers, every four years, thus staggering the renewals among the legislators.

Bolívar was elected Constitutional President. Once more he demurred, sought to resign his dictatorial powers, was overridden by the acclaiming Congress, and yielded. He said to them, "History will say, ' Bolívar took command in order to liberate his countrymen and, when they were free, he left them to govern themselves by their own laws and not by his will.'" But apparently by liberation of his countrymen he meant liberation of all of northern South America--for he accepted the dictatorship for the duration of the project he had conceived for liberating the southern colonies. The Congress also voted him the au-

-249-

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Man of Glory: Simon Bolivar
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Preface xi
  • I: Guapo 1
  • Chapter I Polvorín 3
  • Chapter III an Oath in Rome 19
  • Chapter IV the Powder Keg Explodes 35
  • Chapter V the Precursor 45
  • Chapter VI the Red Cap 51
  • Chapter VII "Even Nature Opposes" 58
  • Ii: Paladin 67
  • Chapter VIII "BlessÉ Au CŒur" 69
  • Chapter IX Glory is Born 81
  • Chapter X War to the Death 92
  • Chapter XI a Gilded Chariot 106
  • Interlude a Contradiction--Liberator and Dictator 109
  • Iii: Prophet in His Own Land 117
  • Chapter XII the Infernal Legion 119
  • Chapter XIII Hussars from Spain 134
  • Chapter XIV Jamaica Letter 144
  • Interlude Hombría 152
  • Iv: Path of Glory 163
  • Chapter XV the Centaur 165
  • Chapter XVI Red Coats in Guayana 180
  • Chapter XVII the BolÍvar Constitution 195
  • Chapter XVIII "Even to Cape Horn" 208
  • Chapter XIX BoyacÁ-New Granada Liberated 219
  • Chapter XX the Colombian Union 228
  • Chapter XXI Carabobo -- Venezuela Liberated 237
  • Chapter XXII the Path Leads Southward 249
  • Chapter XXIII Pichincha -- Quito Liberated 258
  • Chapter XXIV the Land of the Incas 274
  • Chapter XXV Ayacucho--PerÚ Liberated 287
  • Interlude an Amazon and Jeweled Wreaths 296
  • V: Laurels, Not a Crown 307
  • Chapter XXVI the Pinnacle 309
  • Chapter XXVII "Everything for Glory" 320
  • Chapter XXVIII the Path Leads Downward 332
  • Postlude the Path Ends 346
  • Chapter XXIX "The Great Gentleman of Colombia" 353
  • Author's Note 361
  • Acknowledgments 367
  • Bibliography 369
  • Index 379
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