IN Bogotá the news of Bolívar's coming threw Santander into the same confusion that had gripped Páez under similar circumstances. The Liberator was bringing soldiers with him. He had landed at Cartagena; and there Mariano Montilla, his old comrade of the early (lays in Madrid, who had been unswervingly loyal to him since their first dissensions, had greeted him with open arms and turned over his troops for the march to the capital. Now Bolívar was coming up the Magdalena, the scene of his first triumphs, and the people were acclaiming him all along the way. Santander grew more and more apprehensive. He even considered resigning his position and heading an armed revolution; but Soublette managed to talk him out of it. The alarm spread among all the enemies of the Liberator. The editor of El Conductor fled the city, and many of the government officials followed his example.
On the tenth of September Bolívar entered Bogotá. He embraced Santander and laughed at his obvious discomfiture. On the same day he was sworn in as President and appeared before the Congress and delivered a lengthy address, explaining all his actions in Venezuela and Perú, defending the expediency of his methods with Páez.
It was the same old story. In the compelling presence of the Liberator all dissension vanished at once, differences were forgotten and the people united once more in his support. There was nothing of fear in that strange surrender. It was the result, in the common people, of a mass hero-worship; in the educated leaders, of their recog-