The independence and unplanned, unregimented freedom of action of its rich and powerful members is not the test of a free society. The test of a free society will be found in the scope of right and privilege possessed by its weakest elements--those who are under the greatest pressure to surrender their independence.
-- A. DELAFIELD SMITH1
WHILE THE PROCESS through which the law is translated into benefits and related services to individuals is common to all parts of the program of social security, it varies in each of the insurances and in public assistance. Differences in the categories of vicissitude to which these social devices are addressed and in the measures which each employ affect the content of the respective tasks of the public assistance workers and the claims personnel.
Old-age and survivors insurance in the mind of the community and in the intent of its founders is the aspect of social security that is most clearly oriented toward insurance. People have been longer accustomed to the idea of a common pool for protection against old age and death than in relation to any other contingency. Retirement and life insurance have universal approval. We all want this kind of economic safeguard for ourselves. Having it is a token of thrift and substantial citizenship.____________________