Although the last number of The Harbinger had appeared on February 10, 1849, it was not until five months later that the reformers whose literary activities we have been considering, managed to bring out another journal wholly devoted to their projects. However, upon recalling the wretched end of their former periodical, despite the powerful array of its writers, one is rather surprised that any of the Fourierists had the temerity to try their luck again in the publishing world. But the evils of social conditions were still before their eyes, and the idealism that fostered the hope of their correction was still strong within the breasts of certain ones among the leaders at least. Brisbane and Ripley, for example, never repudiated their former principles as long as they lived.1 But it was William H. Channing who once more assumed the rôle of editor, in another vain attempt to propagandize the nation in favor of what he considered to be "Christian Socialism."
The Spirit of the Age, his new journal, made its first appearance on July 7, 1849, from the publishing house of Fowler and Wells in New York. A prospectus provided the following information :
This weekly paper seeks as its end the Peaceful Transformation of human societies from isolated to associated interests; from competitive to coöperative industry, from disunity to unity. Amidst Revolution and Reaction it advocates Reorganization. It desires to reconcile conflicting classes and to harmonize man's various tendencies by an orderly arrangement of all relations, in the Family, the Township, the Nation, the World. Thus would it aid to introduce the era of Confederated Communities, which