*O'Brien, they withdrew from the association on 28 July. The split was formalized with the establishment of the * Irish Confederation.
Young Ireland had little popular support outside Dublin or amongst the Catholic clergy, and was divided over its political strategy. O'Brien and Duffy hoped to attract the support of the patriotic gentry to a broad campaign against the government's famine policy, while the militants, led by John * Mitchel and inspired by James Fintan * Lalor, looked to a spontaneous peasant-led social revolution. News of the revolution in France in February 1848 helped restore some degree of unity, but the *rebellion of 1848 was an abject failure and the movement's leaders fled abroad or were *transported. Their legacy lay not in the insurrectionary fiasco of 1848, but with their success in inculcating a romantic sense of nationality into subsequent generations of Irish nationalists.
Davis, R., The Young Ireland Movement ( 1987). PG
Zoological Gardens. In 1831 the Zoological Society of Ireland (founded 1830) opened its zoo in Dublin; the aim was to advance scientific research as well as inform and divert the public. Belfast ( 1934) was the first municipal zoo in the United Kingdom; it too had both scientific and leisure purposes. Belfast in the 1980s and Dublin in the 1990s reorganized, placing a stronger emphasis on conservation (especially of endangered species) and education. The Causeway Safari Park, Co. Antrim ( 1970), and the Fota Wildlife Park, Co. Cork ( 1983), adopted a somewhat different policy by emphasizing the liberty of movement of stock. DJS