Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein

By Abraham Pais | Go to book overview
his own life, worked to rescue thousands of my unhappy Jewish people' [E3]. In reply, an underling stated that he had been authorized by Stalin to say that a search for Wallenberg had been unsuccessful [T1].
15. March 5, 1951 . Einstein writes to Dr Alvin Johnson, president emeritus of The New School for Social Research in New York City. The letter appears to be in response to an earlier letter by Johnson concerning the possibility of a Nobel prize for literature for Hermann Broch. Einstein writes that he has no insight and understanding concerning modern literature. However, from having read parts of Broch's oeuvre, 'I believe that it would probably be quite justified' to propose Broch.

( Broch was born in Vienna in 1886. He emigrated to the United States in 1938. He and Einstein became friends soon thereafter. Einstein had read his main book, The Death of Virgil, and admired it [B1]. Broch died in New Haven in 1951.)

16. Sometime in 1951 . Einstein proposes Friedrich Wilhelm Förster for the peace prize: 'It might be difficult to find people who have actually been successful in their efforts to secure peace.' Nevertheless, he adds, Förster belongs to the group of leading personalities who have worked solidly with great dedication for this cause, especially by exposing the dangers of 'Prussian-German militarism' by his writings, first in Germany, then in Switzerland, and finally in the United States.

Förster, a major figure in pedagogy, was a lifelong opponent of German militarism, which he attacked in numerous books, thereby incurring the hostility of Germany's ruling groups from the Second and Third Reichs. In 1895 he was imprisoned for three months on charges of libel against the Kaiser and in 1926 was called a traitor when he published accounts of secret rearmament efforts in Germany. He came to the United States in 1940 and became a citizen. He died in 1966 in a sanitarium near Zürich. For more on Förster, see [F2] and [N4].

17. January 12, 1954 . Einstein writes in support of a proposal by von Laue to award the physics prize to Bothe. In his letter, Einstein refers to the Bothe- Geiger experiment as Bothe's principal contribution.

In 1954 Bothe and Born share the physics prize.

18. March 3, 1954 . By telegram, Einstein sends his last proposal: 'I have the honor of recommending for your consideration for the forthcoming award of the Nobel peace prize the international organization known as Youth Alijah, through which children from 72 countries have been rescued and rehabilitated in Israel.'

The peace prize for 1954 is awarded to the office of the U.N. high commissioner for refugees.

It has recently come to my notice that on 19 December 1925 Einstein wrote to Stockholm proposing A. H. Compton.


References
B1. H. Broch, The Death of Virgil. Grosset and Dunlop, New York, 1965.
E1. A. Einstein and S. Freud, Why War? First published in German in 1933; English translation by Institute of Intellectual League of Nations Cooperation, Paris, 1933.

-518-

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Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • To the Reader vii
  • Contents (entries in Italics Are Almost Entirely Biographical) xi
  • I- Introductory 3
  • 1- Purpose and Plan 5
  • 2- Relativity Theory and Quantum Theory 26
  • 3 - Portrait of the Physicist as a Young Man 49
  • II- Statistical Physics 53
  • 4- Entropy and Probability 55
  • 5- The Reality of Molecules 79
  • III- Relativity, the Special Theory 109
  • 6- ''subtle is the Lord . . .'' 111
  • 7- The New Kinematics 138
  • 8- The Edge of History 163
  • IV- Relativity, the General Theory 175
  • 9- ''The Happiest Thought of My Life'' 177
  • References 184
  • 10- Herr Professor Einstein 190
  • 11- The Prague Papers 192
  • 12- The Einstein-Grossmann Collaboration 208
  • 12- The Einstein-Grossmann Collaboration 208
  • References 228
  • 13- Field Theories of Gravitation 237
  • 14- The Field Equations of Gravitation 239
  • 15 - The New Dynamics 292
  • V- The Later Journey 297
  • 16- ''The Suddenly Famous Doctor Einstein'' 299
  • 17- Unified Field Theory 325
  • VI - The Quantum Theory 355
  • 18 - Preliminaries 363
  • 19- The Light-Quantum 364
  • 20- Einstein and Specific Heats 389
  • 21- The Photon 402
  • 22- Interlude- The Bks Proposal 416
  • 23- A Loss of Identity 423
  • 24- Einstein as a Transitional Figure 435
  • 25- Einstein''s Response to the New Dynamics 440
  • 26- Einstein''s Vision 460
  • VII- Journey''s End 471
  • 27- The Final Decade 473
  • 28- Epilogue 479
  • VIII- Appendices 481
  • 29- Of Tensors and a Hearing Aid and Many Other Things 483
  • 30- How Einstein Got the Nobel Prize 502
  • 31 - Einstein''s Proposals for the Nobel Prize 518
  • 32- An Einstein Chronology 520
  • Name Index 531
  • Subject Index 539
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