Religion and the Founding of the American Republic

By James H. Hutson | Go to book overview

ONE
AMERICA AS A RELIGIOUS REFUGE: THE FOUNDING OF THE BRITISH NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY

Many of the people who settled British North America in the seventeenth century came for religious reasons, for the opportunity to worship God in ways that were unacceptable in Europe. Their passion for their faith was transmitted to their descendants who created the American nation in 1776. This legacy of faith, periodically refashioned and refreshed, gave to the new country the strong religious flavor that, in the nineteenth century, impressed foreign and domestic observers and, in 1922, prompted G. K. Chesterton ( 1874- 1936), with ample justification, to call the United States "a nation with the soul of a church."1

For the men and women of faith who crossed the Atlantic in the seventeenth century, America was, in John Winthrop's words, a religious "refuge." Seventeenth-centuryEurope was full of religious fervor and hatred because it had not yet come to terms with the Protestant Reformation of the preceding century. Both Catholics and Protestants believed that there was a true religion, that they had it, and that others, in their own interest, should be compelled to conform to it, lest, deluded by false doctrine, they lose their souls. To impose religious uniformity, seventeenth-century Europeans tortured, maimed, and murdered individuals, fought wars, and displaced populations.

England did not escape these plagues. After Elizabeth I ( 1533- 1603) imposed a religious settlement in 1559, Catholics were considered potential traitors. Protestants, on whose behalf the Queen acted, began quarreling with each other. Those who wanted to continue cleansing the Church of England of residues of Roman Catholicism were called Puritans. There was no consensus among the Puritans about how far reforms should go. A small minority believed that the Anglican Church was so corrupt that they must withdraw immediately to seek the Lord while He might still be found. Taking as their motto a pamphlet, Reformation without Tarrying for any, they hastened to Holland. From there they sailed to Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620.2 These were, of course, the Pilgrims whose courage, suffering, and piety were celebrated by later generations of American historians far out of proportion to their mini

-3-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Religion and the Founding of the American Republic
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 136

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.