The New Basic Laws on Human Rights: A Mini-revolution in Israeli Constitutional Law?
|2. The Status of Human Rights before Enactment of the Basic Laws|
|3. The Entrenchment Provisions and Judicial Review|
|4. Judicial Review and Existing Legislation|
|5. The Override Clause|
|6. The Rights Protected|
|7. Balancing Tests|
|8. A Jewish and Democratic State|
Until the Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation and the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty were enacted in 1992 Israel had no bill of rights. Pursuant to the 1950 Harari Resolution, according to which Israel's formal constitution would be drawn up in a piecemeal fashion by a series of basic laws, basic laws were enacted covering virtually all aspects of Israel's constitutional system. However, these basic laws did not include a basic law on civil liberties or human rights.
The absence of a Bill of Rights was not for want of trying. Numerous attempts were made over the years by members of the Knesset, the Knesset Constitution and Law Committee, and Ministers of Justice to further passage of a Bill of Rights. In recent years the most adamant opposition to a____________________