The 1992 Administrative Tribunals Law: An Introductory Note
|2.||The Administrative Tribunals System Before 1992|
|3.||The Administrative Tribunals Law of 1992|
In these notes, I propose to focus on matters pertaining to the legal organization of administrative tribunals in Israel and to the rules of procedure and evidence to be applied in such tribunals. I shall do so in light of a recent piece of Israeli legislation, the Administrative Tribunals Law ('the Law') which the Knesset passed in February 1992. My subject is closely circumscribed: it does not include matters concerning substantive administrative law, as applied by administrative tribunals ('tribunals') in Israel, nor does it include the kindred subject of the internal review of administrative action by recourse to a higher echelon within the administrative hierarchy. These two subjects of administrative law have not as yet been dealt with by legislative enactment, but are still almost entirely within the domain of judge-made law.
The Administrative Tribunals Law provides for procedures to be followed by an administrative authority in legal disputes between an individual or entity and the authority. A fair and efficient administrative procedure is important because of the great proliferation of administrative agencies which hold great power over our lives. As in England, the extensive legislation of the modern welfare state has given rise to a plethora of