By BENITO MUSSOLINI
From the ENCICLOPEDIA ITALIANA, Vol. XIV
The English translation of the "Fundamental Ideas" is by Mr. I. S. Munro, reprinted by his kind permission from "Fascism to World-Power" ( Alexander Maclehose, London, 1933).
Like every concrete political conception, Fascism is thought and action. It is action with an inherent doctrine which, arising out of a given system of historic forces, is inserted in it and works on it from within. It has therefore a form co-related to the contingencies of time and place; but it has at the same time an ideal content which elevates it into a formula of truth in the higher region of the history of thought.
There is no way of exercising a spiritual influence on the things of the world by means of a human will-power commanding the wills of others, without first having a clear conception of the particular and transient reality on which the will-power must act, and without also having a clear conception of the universal and permanent reality in which the particular and transient reality has its life and being. To know men we must have a knowledge of man; and to have a knowledge of man we must know the reality of things and their laws.
There can be no conception of a State which is not fundamentally a conception of Life. It is a philosophy or intuition, a system of ideas which evolves itself into a system of logical contruction, or which concentrates itself in a vision or in a faith, but