Readings on Fascism and National Socialism

By Colorado University Department of Philosophy | Go to book overview

THE DOCTRINE OF FASCISM

By BENITO MUSSOLINI

From the ENCICLOPEDIA ITALIANA, Vol. XIV

The English translation of the "Fundamental Ideas" is by Mr. I. S. Munro, reprinted by his kind permission from "Fascism to World-Power" ( Alexander Maclehose, London, 1933).


FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS.

1Philosophic Conception.

Like every concrete political conception, Fascism is thought and action. It is action with an inherent doctrine which, arising out of a given system of historic forces, is inserted in it and works on it from within. It has therefore a form co-related to the contingencies of time and place; but it has at the same time an ideal content which elevates it into a formula of truth in the higher region of the history of thought.

There is no way of exercising a spiritual influence on the things of the world by means of a human will-power commanding the wills of others, without first having a clear conception of the particular and transient reality on which the will-power must act, and without also having a clear conception of the universal and permanent reality in which the particular and transient reality has its life and being. To know men we must have a knowledge of man; and to have a knowledge of man we must know the reality of things and their laws.

There can be no conception of a State which is not fundamentally a conception of Life. It is a philosophy or intuition, a system of ideas which evolves itself into a system of logical contruction, or which concentrates itself in a vision or in a faith, but

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