Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Denise D. Knight | Go to book overview

mirers for such lavish praise. George Harvey Genzmer, for instance, claimed that Poe and others had "habitually confused Mrs. Embury's literary achievements with her virtues as a wife and mother and her charms as a hostess" (125). Genzmer and those who agreed with his opinion did sometimes make concessions for Embury's prose. In American Authors 1600-1900, Embury's verse is vilified as "patently conventional and filled with far-fetched imagery," but admiration for her prose is considered "perhaps, more justifiable" (252).

Embury has also been criticized for the suffering endured by her characters. An anonymous reviewer of Pictures of Early Life found fault with Embury "for indulging too much in tales of sorrow, and thus drawing the picture of life in colors darker than the reality" ( North American Review 50, 294). Halsey made similar comments about Embury's contributions to The American Juvenile Keepsake, calling Embury's stories "so generally gloomy . . . that one would suppose them to have been eminently successful in turning children away from the faith she sought to encourage" (200).

Most recent critics, while acknowledging Embury's shortcomings as a conventional writer, have made allowances for her position as a literary woman in nineteenth-century society. In American Women Poets of the Nineteenth Century ( 1992), Cheryl Walker credits Embury's poetry with presenting "a lively account of the attitudes a cultured, talented, intelligent woman of her time was apt to have" (79). Commentary such as Walker's suggests that Embury was successful both in the literary career she denied having and in fulfilling the other roles expected of her as a nineteenth-century American woman.


WORKS CITED

Anonymous. "Quarterly List of New Publications." North American Review 50 ( January 1840): 289-299.

G[enzmer]., G[eorge]. H[arvey]. "Embury, Emma Catherine." In Dictionary of American Biography, edited by Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone. Vol. 6. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1931. 124-125.

Halsey, Rosalie V. Forgotten Books of the American Nursery: A History of the Development of the American Story-Book. 1911. Reprint, Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1969.

Kunitz, Stanley J., and Howard Haycraft, eds. American Authors 1600-1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1938.

Poe, Edgar Allan. The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe. Edited by James A. Harrison. Vol. 15. New York: George D. Sproul, 1902.

Walker, Cheryl, ed. "Emma Embury." American Women Poets of the Nineteenth Century: An Anthology. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1992. 78-92.

Welter, Barbara. Dimity Convictions: The American Woman in the Nineteenth Century. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1976.

-120-

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Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) 1
  • Bibliography 9
  • Anne Charlotte Lynch Botta (1815-1891) 11
  • Bibliography 14
  • Maria Gowen Brooks (Maria del Occidente) (1794-1845) 15
  • Bibliography 18
  • Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924) 19
  • Bibliography 23
  • Alice Cary (1820-1871) 26
  • Bibliography 31
  • Phoebe Cary (1824-1871) 32
  • Bibliography 34
  • Caroline Chesebro' (Caroline Chesebrough) (1825-1873) 36
  • Works Cited 39
  • Bibliography 40
  • Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880) 42
  • Bibliography 47
  • Kate Chopin (1850-1904) 50
  • Works Cited 58
  • Bibliography 59
  • Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe (Dame Shirley) (1819-1906) 61
  • Bibliography 64
  • Rose Terry Cooke (1827-1892) 66
  • Bibliography 71
  • Ina Donna Coolbrith (1841-1928) 73
  • Bibliography 76
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858-1964) 77
  • Bibliography 79
  • Maria Susanna Cummins (1827-1866) 81
  • Bibliography 87
  • Rebecca Harding Davis (1831-1910) 88
  • Works Cited 95
  • Bibliography 96
  • Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) 99
  • Works Cited 108
  • Bibliography 108
  • Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 111
  • Works Cited 116
  • Bibliography 116
  • Emma Embury (1806-1863) 118
  • Works Cited 120
  • Bibliography 121
  • Fanny Fern (sara Payson Willis Parton) (1811-1872) 123
  • Bibliography 128
  • Kate Field (1838-1896) 131
  • Bibliography 134
  • Martha Finley (Martha Farquharson) (1828-1909) 135
  • Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930) 139
  • Works Cited 146
  • Bibliography 147
  • Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) 150
  • Bibliography 158
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) 160
  • Bibliography 166
  • Anna Katharine Green (1846-1935) 168
  • Works Cited 170
  • Bibliography 170
  • Sarah Pratt Mclean Greene (1856-1935) 173
  • Bibliography 178
  • Grace Greenwood (sara Jane Clarke Lippincott) (1823-1904) 180
  • Bibliography 184
  • Angelina Grimké - (1805-1879) 186
  • Bibliography 188
  • Sarah GrimkÉ (1792-1873) 190
  • Works Cited 192
  • Bibliography 193
  • Sarah Josepha Hale (1788-1879) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Gail Hamilton (Mary Abigail Dodge) (1833-1896) 199
  • Bibliography 204
  • Marion Harland (Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune) (1830-1922) 206
  • Selected Bibliography 211
  • Fances E. W. Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Caroline Lee Whiting Hentz (1800-1856) 220
  • Bibliography 222
  • Marietta Holley (Josiah Allen's Wife) (1836-1926) 224
  • Bibliography 229
  • Mary Jane Hawes Holmes (1825-1907) 231
  • Bibliography 234
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 236
  • Bibliography 238
  • Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1844-1891) 241
  • Works Cited 245
  • Bibliography 245
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) 247
  • Bibliography 252
  • Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) 253
  • Works Cited 259
  • Bibliography 259
  • Harriet A. Jacobs (Linda Brent) (C. 1813-1897) 262
  • Bibliography 269
  • Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) 270
  • Bibliography 278
  • Grace Elizabeth King (1852-1932) 281
  • Bibliography 284
  • Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864) 286
  • Bibliography 291
  • Lucy Larcom (1824-1893) 293
  • Bibliography 295
  • Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (Mother Mary Alphonsa) (1851-1926) 297
  • Bibliography 299
  • Emma Lazarus (1849-1887) 301
  • Bibliography 303
  • Maria Jane Mcintosh (1803-1878) 305
  • Works Cited 307
  • Bibliography 308
  • Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) 310
  • Bibliography 313
  • Anna Cora Ogden Mowatt (Ritchie) - (1819-1870) 314
  • Bibliography 317
  • Mary Noailles Murfree (Charles Egbert Craddock) - (1850-1922) 318
  • Work Cited 322
  • Bibliography 322
  • Elizabeth Oakes Smith - (1806-1893) 324
  • Bibliography 328
  • Frances Sargent Locke Osgood - (1811-1850) 331
  • Bibliography 334
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1815-1852) 336
  • Bibliography 341
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (1849?-1916) 343
  • Works Cited 345
  • Bibliography 345
  • Lizette Woodworth Reese (1856-1935) 347
  • Bibliography 349
  • Atharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867) 351
  • Bibliography 359
  • Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865) 361
  • Work Cited 366
  • Bibliography 366
  • E. D. E. N. Southworth (Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth) (1819-1899) 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • Harriet Prescott Spofford (1835-1921) 377
  • Bibliography 383
  • Ann Sophia Stephens (1810-1886) 386
  • Bibliography 389
  • Maria Stewart (1803-1879) 392
  • Bibliography 396
  • Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard - (1823-1902) 397
  • Bibliography 403
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) 406
  • Works Cited 411
  • Bibliography 412
  • Ruth Mcenery Stuart (1849-1917) 414
  • Bibliography 418
  • Octave Thanet (Alice French) (1850-1934) 420
  • Bibliography 424
  • Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835-1894) 426
  • Metta Victoria Fuller Victor (1831-1885) 433
  • Works Cited 434
  • Bibliography 435
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward (1844-1911) 438
  • Bibliography 448
  • Susan Warner (1819-1885) 452
  • Bibliography 460
  • Frances Miriam Berry Whitcher (1814-1852) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Sarah Helen Whitman (1803-1878) 468
  • Bibliography 472
  • A. D. T. Whitney (Adeline Dutton Train Whitney) (1824-1906) 474
  • Bibliography 477
  • Augusta Jane Evans Wilson (1835-1909) 479
  • Bibliography 483
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 484
  • Works Cited 488
  • Bibliography 489
  • Sally S. Wood (1759-1855) 490
  • Bibliography 494
  • Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840-1894) 495
  • Bibliography 502
  • Bibliography 505
  • Index 511
  • About the Editor and Contributors 527
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