Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Denise D. Knight | Go to book overview

castigated American women writers as a "damned mob of scribbling women," revised his opinion after reading Ruth Hall. He wrote to his publisher in 1855:

In my last, I recollect, I bestowed some vituperation on female authors. I have since been reading "Ruth Hall" and I must say I enjoyed it a good deal. The woman writes as if the devil was in her; and that is the only condition under which a woman ever writes anything worth reading. Generally women write like emasculated men, and are only distinguished from male authors by greater feebleness and folly; but when they throw off the restraints of decency, and come before the public stark naked, as it were-- then their books are sure to possess character and value. Can you tell me anything about this Fanny Fern? If you meet her, I wish you would let her know how much I admire her. (1, 78)

One measure of Fern's celebrity is the price that she could command for her articles. In 1855, when Robert Bonner, the enterprising editor of the New York Ledger, was looking for ways to increase the circulation of his paper, he offered Fern $25 a column to write a serialized story for him. When she refused, he increased his offer until she accepted at the unprecedented price of $100 a column--which made her the most highly paid newspaper writer of her time.

Although Fern was well known during her day, by the twentieth century her works were out of print and her name was virtually unknown. If she was referred to at all, it was to be dismissed as one of the "mob of scribbling women." Fred Lewis Pattee , for example, in his book The Feminine Fifties ( 1940), apparently without reading Fern's work, disparaged the satirical Fanny Fern as "a sentimental nonentity" (110-118), and James D. Hart in The Popular Book ( 1950) called her "the grandmother of all sob sisters" (97). In recent years, however, Fern's work has been recovered. Rutgers reprinted her novel Ruth Hall and a selection of 100 of her newspaper articles in Ruth Hall and Other Writings in 1986. Joyce Warren biography Fanny Fern: An Independent Woman was published in 1992. And Fern has been the subject of numerous articles, conference papers, and doctoral dissertations.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Papers

James Parton Papers, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Sara Parton Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College.


Works by Fanny Fern

Periodical Publications

Boston Olive Branch, 1851- 1855. American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA.

Boston True Flag, 1851- 1855. American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA.

-128-

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Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) 1
  • Bibliography 9
  • Anne Charlotte Lynch Botta (1815-1891) 11
  • Bibliography 14
  • Maria Gowen Brooks (Maria del Occidente) (1794-1845) 15
  • Bibliography 18
  • Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924) 19
  • Bibliography 23
  • Alice Cary (1820-1871) 26
  • Bibliography 31
  • Phoebe Cary (1824-1871) 32
  • Bibliography 34
  • Caroline Chesebro' (Caroline Chesebrough) (1825-1873) 36
  • Works Cited 39
  • Bibliography 40
  • Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880) 42
  • Bibliography 47
  • Kate Chopin (1850-1904) 50
  • Works Cited 58
  • Bibliography 59
  • Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe (Dame Shirley) (1819-1906) 61
  • Bibliography 64
  • Rose Terry Cooke (1827-1892) 66
  • Bibliography 71
  • Ina Donna Coolbrith (1841-1928) 73
  • Bibliography 76
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858-1964) 77
  • Bibliography 79
  • Maria Susanna Cummins (1827-1866) 81
  • Bibliography 87
  • Rebecca Harding Davis (1831-1910) 88
  • Works Cited 95
  • Bibliography 96
  • Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) 99
  • Works Cited 108
  • Bibliography 108
  • Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 111
  • Works Cited 116
  • Bibliography 116
  • Emma Embury (1806-1863) 118
  • Works Cited 120
  • Bibliography 121
  • Fanny Fern (sara Payson Willis Parton) (1811-1872) 123
  • Bibliography 128
  • Kate Field (1838-1896) 131
  • Bibliography 134
  • Martha Finley (Martha Farquharson) (1828-1909) 135
  • Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930) 139
  • Works Cited 146
  • Bibliography 147
  • Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) 150
  • Bibliography 158
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) 160
  • Bibliography 166
  • Anna Katharine Green (1846-1935) 168
  • Works Cited 170
  • Bibliography 170
  • Sarah Pratt Mclean Greene (1856-1935) 173
  • Bibliography 178
  • Grace Greenwood (sara Jane Clarke Lippincott) (1823-1904) 180
  • Bibliography 184
  • Angelina Grimké - (1805-1879) 186
  • Bibliography 188
  • Sarah GrimkÉ (1792-1873) 190
  • Works Cited 192
  • Bibliography 193
  • Sarah Josepha Hale (1788-1879) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Gail Hamilton (Mary Abigail Dodge) (1833-1896) 199
  • Bibliography 204
  • Marion Harland (Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune) (1830-1922) 206
  • Selected Bibliography 211
  • Fances E. W. Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Caroline Lee Whiting Hentz (1800-1856) 220
  • Bibliography 222
  • Marietta Holley (Josiah Allen's Wife) (1836-1926) 224
  • Bibliography 229
  • Mary Jane Hawes Holmes (1825-1907) 231
  • Bibliography 234
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 236
  • Bibliography 238
  • Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1844-1891) 241
  • Works Cited 245
  • Bibliography 245
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) 247
  • Bibliography 252
  • Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) 253
  • Works Cited 259
  • Bibliography 259
  • Harriet A. Jacobs (Linda Brent) (C. 1813-1897) 262
  • Bibliography 269
  • Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) 270
  • Bibliography 278
  • Grace Elizabeth King (1852-1932) 281
  • Bibliography 284
  • Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864) 286
  • Bibliography 291
  • Lucy Larcom (1824-1893) 293
  • Bibliography 295
  • Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (Mother Mary Alphonsa) (1851-1926) 297
  • Bibliography 299
  • Emma Lazarus (1849-1887) 301
  • Bibliography 303
  • Maria Jane Mcintosh (1803-1878) 305
  • Works Cited 307
  • Bibliography 308
  • Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) 310
  • Bibliography 313
  • Anna Cora Ogden Mowatt (Ritchie) - (1819-1870) 314
  • Bibliography 317
  • Mary Noailles Murfree (Charles Egbert Craddock) - (1850-1922) 318
  • Work Cited 322
  • Bibliography 322
  • Elizabeth Oakes Smith - (1806-1893) 324
  • Bibliography 328
  • Frances Sargent Locke Osgood - (1811-1850) 331
  • Bibliography 334
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1815-1852) 336
  • Bibliography 341
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (1849?-1916) 343
  • Works Cited 345
  • Bibliography 345
  • Lizette Woodworth Reese (1856-1935) 347
  • Bibliography 349
  • Atharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867) 351
  • Bibliography 359
  • Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865) 361
  • Work Cited 366
  • Bibliography 366
  • E. D. E. N. Southworth (Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth) (1819-1899) 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • Harriet Prescott Spofford (1835-1921) 377
  • Bibliography 383
  • Ann Sophia Stephens (1810-1886) 386
  • Bibliography 389
  • Maria Stewart (1803-1879) 392
  • Bibliography 396
  • Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard - (1823-1902) 397
  • Bibliography 403
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) 406
  • Works Cited 411
  • Bibliography 412
  • Ruth Mcenery Stuart (1849-1917) 414
  • Bibliography 418
  • Octave Thanet (Alice French) (1850-1934) 420
  • Bibliography 424
  • Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835-1894) 426
  • Metta Victoria Fuller Victor (1831-1885) 433
  • Works Cited 434
  • Bibliography 435
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward (1844-1911) 438
  • Bibliography 448
  • Susan Warner (1819-1885) 452
  • Bibliography 460
  • Frances Miriam Berry Whitcher (1814-1852) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Sarah Helen Whitman (1803-1878) 468
  • Bibliography 472
  • A. D. T. Whitney (Adeline Dutton Train Whitney) (1824-1906) 474
  • Bibliography 477
  • Augusta Jane Evans Wilson (1835-1909) 479
  • Bibliography 483
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 484
  • Works Cited 488
  • Bibliography 489
  • Sally S. Wood (1759-1855) 490
  • Bibliography 494
  • Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840-1894) 495
  • Bibliography 502
  • Bibliography 505
  • Index 511
  • About the Editor and Contributors 527
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