spontaneous comments. Her speeches are particularly energetic and continue to convey their power as forceful documents.
Most who heard Angelina lecture agree that she was a dynamic speaker. Catherine H. Birney quotes several witnesses, including one who "speaks of the gentle, firm, and impressive voice which could ring out in clarion tones" (190). Her lectures were crowded, not only because she was a woman speaking publicly on abolition but because she performed so effectively.
Her writing was received equally enthusiastically, at least by those who agreed with her stance. Birney describes her Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States as "remarkable in its calm reasoning, sound logic, and fervid eloquence" (173). In her more recent biography, Gerda Lerner describes the Appeal to the Christian Women of the Southern States as "remarkable . . . for its simple and direct tone, the absence of fashionable rhetoric and its bold logic which in the name of righteousness advises even lawbreaking with Garrisonian unconcern" (141). Very little contemporary critical work has been done on Angelina Grimké. Nearly all critics consider Angelina and Sarah together, and most also consider their individual speeches and printed texts in the broader context of their life work.
Birney, Catherine H. The Grimké Sisters: Sarah and Angelina Grimké, the First American Women Advocates of Abolition and Women's Rights. Boston: Lee & Sheppard, 1885. Reprint, New York: Haskell House, 1970.
Lerner, Gerda. The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Woman's Rights and Abolition. New York: Shocken Books, 1971.
Slavery and the Boston Riot: A Letter to Wm. L. Garrison. Philadelphia: 30 August 1835. Broadside.
Appeal to the Christian Women of the Southern States. New York: American Anti- Slavery Society, 1836.
An Appeal to the Women of the Nominally Free States; Issued by an Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women & Held by Adjournment from the 9th to the12th of May, 1837. New York: W. S. Door, 1837.
Letters to Catherine E. Beecher, in Reply to an Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism, Addressed to A. E. Grimké. Boston: Isaac Knapp, 1838.