worthy. There are no known reviews of Hopkins's serial fictions and little way of knowing how widely they were read. In the Harlem Renaissance, Hopkins was dismissed as a writer of sentimental as opposed to serious fiction. Neglect of Hopkins continued until Ann Elizabeth Shockley 1972 essay "Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins: A Biographical Excursion into Obscurity" and the publication of Hopkins's four novels by the Oxford Schomburg Library in the late 1980s. A collection of her short fiction is also available from Schomburg and listed below. There are some puzzling blanks in the listing of Hopkins's final work for the New Era, which Hopkins coedited in Boston in 1916 with Walter Wallace, a founding member of the Colored American Magazine. For instance, Dorothy Porter lists "Topsy Templeton" as an article, while Ann Shockley and Jane Campbell describe it as a fiction serial. No bibliographical specifics beyond the 1916 date are provided, and the New Era seems largely unavailable.
Several issues predominate in Hopkins criticism. Critics question whether Hopkins's use of the sentimental form undermines the quality of her fiction. In addition, Hopkins's use of the near-white heroine is both indicted because of the Anglo-European standard employed to praise black womanhood and understood as Hopkins's attempt to gain empathy from her white audience. The future of Hopkins criticism appears promising as recent scholars begin to address Hopkins's complicated ideology, sophisticated narrative strategy, and scholarly ecclecticism such as the use of modern psychology.
Contending Forces; Or, A Romance Illustrative of Negro Life North and South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988; Reprint from Boston: The Colored Cooperative Publishing Co., 1900.
[ Allen, Sarah A.] Hagar's Daughter. A Story of Southern Caste Prejudice. The Magazine Novels of Pauline Hopkins. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Reprint from Colored American Magazine ( March 1901-January-February 1902).
Winona. A Tale of Negro Life in the South and Southwest. The Magazine Novels (see above) ( May 1902-October 1902).
Of One Blood. Or, The Hidden Self. The Magazine Novels (see above) ( November 1902- November 1903).
"The Mystery within Us." ( May 1900): 14-18.
"Talma Gordon." ( October 1900): 271-290.
"General Washington. A Christmas Story." ( December 1900): 95-104.
"A Dash for Liberty." ( August 1901): 243-247.
"Bro'r Abr'm Jimson's Wedding. A Christmas Story." ( December 1901): 103-112.