Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook

By Denise D. Knight | Go to book overview

reading public and literary luminaries such as James Fields and William Dean Howells. Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote to Larcom that "I have been reading your poems at all the spare moments I could find" ( Addison197). In a letter to Larcom, Longfellow enthusiastically wrote: "I always liked your poetry; and now like it more than ever" ( Addison198). By publishing the collected volume of Larcom's poetry as a household edition, Houghton Mifflin asserts Lucy Larcom's rightful place in a dominant middle-class American culture. Like the major poets of her age, Larcom was marketed to a growing and literate population.

Only one of Lucy Larcom's two books focusing on industrial labor in Lowell received a positive critical reception. The long narrative poem An Idyl of Work ( 1875), which is rooted in American idealism and romanticism, was harshly criticized at publication. For this poetic subject, Larcom's choice of genre and her use of blank verse are anachronistic. In the preface, the poet admits that "[t]he routine of such a life is essentially prosaic" (vii). The evocation of Lowell in the 1840s as well as the details of industrial labor and of white working- class women's lives are among the poem's greatest strengths. When she took up similar themes and subjects in the autobiographical A New England Girlhood ( 1889), Larcom was far more successful. The prose of autobiography is better suited to the purposes of representing life experiences in the industrial age. The text is only one of a few that recount women's lives in antebellum industrial America.

In the twentieth century, Lucy Larcom's poetry and prose have enjoyed some critical attention, particularly from feminist scholars seeking to uncover a women's poetic tradition. Notably, Cheryl Walker locates Larcom within this concept of an American women's poetic tradition. Shirley Marchalonis's extensive biography of Lucy Larcom ( Worlds 1989) considers not only the poet in a literary tradition but the significance of her life within the context of nineteenth- century American culture and history. Although Lucy Larcom's writing and literary career provide a nexus for the critical analysis of gender, class, and race, few scholars offer sustained consideration of Larcom's literary production.


WORKS CITED

Addison, Daniel Dulany. Lucy Larcom: Life, Letters, and Diary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1894.

Larcom, Lucy. An Idyl of Work. Boston: Osgood, 1875.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

The following is only a partial listing. For a more complete bibliography of Lucy Larcom, including the location of archival collections, see Shirley Marchalonis The Worlds of Lucy Larcom, 1824-1893 ( 1989).

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Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) 1
  • Bibliography 9
  • Anne Charlotte Lynch Botta (1815-1891) 11
  • Bibliography 14
  • Maria Gowen Brooks (Maria del Occidente) (1794-1845) 15
  • Bibliography 18
  • Frances Hodgson Burnett (1849-1924) 19
  • Bibliography 23
  • Alice Cary (1820-1871) 26
  • Bibliography 31
  • Phoebe Cary (1824-1871) 32
  • Bibliography 34
  • Caroline Chesebro' (Caroline Chesebrough) (1825-1873) 36
  • Works Cited 39
  • Bibliography 40
  • Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880) 42
  • Bibliography 47
  • Kate Chopin (1850-1904) 50
  • Works Cited 58
  • Bibliography 59
  • Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe (Dame Shirley) (1819-1906) 61
  • Bibliography 64
  • Rose Terry Cooke (1827-1892) 66
  • Bibliography 71
  • Ina Donna Coolbrith (1841-1928) 73
  • Bibliography 76
  • Anna Julia Cooper (1858-1964) 77
  • Bibliography 79
  • Maria Susanna Cummins (1827-1866) 81
  • Bibliography 87
  • Rebecca Harding Davis (1831-1910) 88
  • Works Cited 95
  • Bibliography 96
  • Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) 99
  • Works Cited 108
  • Bibliography 108
  • Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar- Nelson (1875-1935) 111
  • Works Cited 116
  • Bibliography 116
  • Emma Embury (1806-1863) 118
  • Works Cited 120
  • Bibliography 121
  • Fanny Fern (sara Payson Willis Parton) (1811-1872) 123
  • Bibliography 128
  • Kate Field (1838-1896) 131
  • Bibliography 134
  • Martha Finley (Martha Farquharson) (1828-1909) 135
  • Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930) 139
  • Works Cited 146
  • Bibliography 147
  • Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) 150
  • Bibliography 158
  • Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) 160
  • Bibliography 166
  • Anna Katharine Green (1846-1935) 168
  • Works Cited 170
  • Bibliography 170
  • Sarah Pratt Mclean Greene (1856-1935) 173
  • Bibliography 178
  • Grace Greenwood (sara Jane Clarke Lippincott) (1823-1904) 180
  • Bibliography 184
  • Angelina Grimké - (1805-1879) 186
  • Bibliography 188
  • Sarah GrimkÉ (1792-1873) 190
  • Works Cited 192
  • Bibliography 193
  • Sarah Josepha Hale (1788-1879) 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Gail Hamilton (Mary Abigail Dodge) (1833-1896) 199
  • Bibliography 204
  • Marion Harland (Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune) (1830-1922) 206
  • Selected Bibliography 211
  • Fances E. W. Harper (1825-1911) 213
  • Bibliography 218
  • Caroline Lee Whiting Hentz (1800-1856) 220
  • Bibliography 222
  • Marietta Holley (Josiah Allen's Wife) (1836-1926) 224
  • Bibliography 229
  • Mary Jane Hawes Holmes (1825-1907) 231
  • Bibliography 234
  • Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins (1859-1930) 236
  • Bibliography 238
  • Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1844-1891) 241
  • Works Cited 245
  • Bibliography 245
  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) 247
  • Bibliography 252
  • Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) 253
  • Works Cited 259
  • Bibliography 259
  • Harriet A. Jacobs (Linda Brent) (C. 1813-1897) 262
  • Bibliography 269
  • Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) 270
  • Bibliography 278
  • Grace Elizabeth King (1852-1932) 281
  • Bibliography 284
  • Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864) 286
  • Bibliography 291
  • Lucy Larcom (1824-1893) 293
  • Bibliography 295
  • Rose Hawthorne Lathrop (Mother Mary Alphonsa) (1851-1926) 297
  • Bibliography 299
  • Emma Lazarus (1849-1887) 301
  • Bibliography 303
  • Maria Jane Mcintosh (1803-1878) 305
  • Works Cited 307
  • Bibliography 308
  • Adah Isaacs Menken (1835-1868) 310
  • Bibliography 313
  • Anna Cora Ogden Mowatt (Ritchie) - (1819-1870) 314
  • Bibliography 317
  • Mary Noailles Murfree (Charles Egbert Craddock) - (1850-1922) 318
  • Work Cited 322
  • Bibliography 322
  • Elizabeth Oakes Smith - (1806-1893) 324
  • Bibliography 328
  • Frances Sargent Locke Osgood - (1811-1850) 331
  • Bibliography 334
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1815-1852) 336
  • Bibliography 341
  • Henrietta Cordelia Ray (1849?-1916) 343
  • Works Cited 345
  • Bibliography 345
  • Lizette Woodworth Reese (1856-1935) 347
  • Bibliography 349
  • Atharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867) 351
  • Bibliography 359
  • Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865) 361
  • Work Cited 366
  • Bibliography 366
  • E. D. E. N. Southworth (Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth) (1819-1899) 368
  • Bibliography 373
  • Harriet Prescott Spofford (1835-1921) 377
  • Bibliography 383
  • Ann Sophia Stephens (1810-1886) 386
  • Bibliography 389
  • Maria Stewart (1803-1879) 392
  • Bibliography 396
  • Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard - (1823-1902) 397
  • Bibliography 403
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) 406
  • Works Cited 411
  • Bibliography 412
  • Ruth Mcenery Stuart (1849-1917) 414
  • Bibliography 418
  • Octave Thanet (Alice French) (1850-1934) 420
  • Bibliography 424
  • Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835-1894) 426
  • Metta Victoria Fuller Victor (1831-1885) 433
  • Works Cited 434
  • Bibliography 435
  • Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward (1844-1911) 438
  • Bibliography 448
  • Susan Warner (1819-1885) 452
  • Bibliography 460
  • Frances Miriam Berry Whitcher (1814-1852) 463
  • Bibliography 467
  • Sarah Helen Whitman (1803-1878) 468
  • Bibliography 472
  • A. D. T. Whitney (Adeline Dutton Train Whitney) (1824-1906) 474
  • Bibliography 477
  • Augusta Jane Evans Wilson (1835-1909) 479
  • Bibliography 483
  • Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863) 484
  • Works Cited 488
  • Bibliography 489
  • Sally S. Wood (1759-1855) 490
  • Bibliography 494
  • Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840-1894) 495
  • Bibliography 502
  • Bibliography 505
  • Index 511
  • About the Editor and Contributors 527
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