within a context that takes into account the local influences that helped shape her humor and the personal experiences that gave rise to Whitcher's antigenteel positions. It is an important corrective that argues for Whitcher's value to American literary humor of the nineteenth century.
Whitcher, Frances Miriam Berry. The Widow Bedott Papers. With an introduction by Alice B. Neal. New York: J. C. Derby, 1856.
-----. Widow Spriggins, Mary Elmer, and Other Sketches. Edited with a memoir by M. L. Ward Whitcher. New York: George W. Carleton & Company, 1867.
Berry, Kate. "Passages in the Life of the Author of Aunt Maguire's Letters, Bedott Papers, Etc." Godey's Lady's Book 47 ( July 1853): 49-55; ( August 1853): 109- 115.
Blair, Walter. Native American Humor. San Francisco: Chandler Publishing Company, 1960.
Blair, Walter, and Hamlin Hill. American Humor: From Poor Richard to Doonesbury. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Curry, Jane. "Yes, Virginia, There Were Female Humorists: Frances Whitcher and Her Widow Bedott." University of Michigan Papers in Women's Studies 1 ( 1974): 74-90.
Morris, Linda A. "Frances Miriam Whitcher: Social Satire in the Age of Gentility." Women's Studies--An Interdisciplinary Journal 15 ( 1988): 99-116.
-----. Women's Humor in the Age of Gentility: The Life and Works of Frances Miriam Whitcher. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992.
Rourke, Constance. American Humor: A Study of the National Character. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1931.
Walker, Nancy. A Very Serious Thing: Women's Humor in American Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1988.