Maine, a Guide down East

By Workers of the Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Maine | Go to book overview

CHRONOLOGY
1000-10 (ca.) The Norsemen, first Europeans known to have visited North
America, probably explore coast of Maine.
1492 Era of active exploration in western hemisphere begins with Colum-
bus' voyage.
1497-99 Explorations of John and Sebastian Cabot along entire coast of New
England, forming basis for all future English claims to this region.
1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano, in service of France, explores to 35° N. Lat.
First to give Aranbega (Norumbega) as a definite locality.
1525 Estevan Gomez, a Portuguese exploring for Spain, names the Penob-
scotRio de los Gamos or 'river of stags,' because of many deer there.
1569 David Ingrain and two other English sailors, marooned by Sir John
Hawkins, make overland journey from Gulf of Mexico to Nova Scotia.
Ingrain later wrote account of their adventures, telling of splendors
of mythical city of Norumbega on Penobscot River.
1580 John Walker, sailing for Sir Humphrey Gilbert, leads expedition into
Penobscot River region.
1602 Bartholomew Gosnold, in bark 'Concord' out of Falmouth, England,
takes back furs, sassafras, and cedar from Maine coast, his voyage
causing renewed interest in New World.
1603 Martin Pring, sent by merchants of Bristol to trade with Indians,
makes careful survey of Maine coast from the Piscataqua to the
Penobscot, naming islands in Penobscot Bay 'Fox Islands.'
Henry IV of France appoints Sieur de Monts Lieutenant-General of
La Cadie, giving him seignorial rights to territory between 40° and
56° N. Lat.
1604-05 Sieur de Monts with company of gentlemen-adventurers establishes
colony on St. Croix Island (near present-day Calais); Samuel de
Champlain makes extensive explorations and detailed maps of islands
and coastline of Maine; colony disbands after hard winter and re-
moves to Nova Scotia.
1605 Captain George Waymouth, in the 'Archangel,' lands at Monhegan
Island; he trades with Indians, finally kidnaping five of them, whom
he takes back to England.
1606 James I of England grants two charters 'to colonize Virginia'; one
company, known as the London Company, being granted right to
colonize ' Southern Virginia' (34° to 38° N.); the other, known as
West of England Company (or Plymouth Company), given right
to colonize ' Northern Virginia' (41° to 45° N.); the intermediate terri-
tory being open to either colony after having settled its original area.
1607 Sunday, August 9, at Allen's Island, colonists from the 'Gift of God'
and the 'Mary and John' listen to sermon of Thanksgiving, first
English service on New England soil.

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