THE Second World War thrust Formosa for the first time into the orbit of United States interest and concern. Postwar developments in China, with the resulting withdrawal (in 1949) of the National Government to Formosa, brought into existence the "problem of Formosa" with which the United States is now inevitably confronted. It seems idle to speculate at this late date whether, if the United States had pursued a different policy toward China between, say, 1944 and 1949, the problem would not have arisen. At any rate, a solution now appears not likely to be reached except as an integral and consistent part of a comprehensive Far Eastern settlement. Such a settlement will probably have to await either a marked shift in the present balance of power among the nations ranged by conflicting interests and objectives on opposing sides, or by the reaching of a conclusion by either or both sides that their interests can better be served by an accommodation than by adhering rigidly to their present positions.
Neither of these eventualities is likely to occur soon, and neither side is strong enough to warrant its assuming the risks of attempting to coerce the other. Consequently, the prospect is that there will be a stalemate of indefinite duration, with a continuance of a somewhat precarious status quo. In the meantime, measures taken