Long Time Coming: Racial Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan South, 1940-1990

By Mark A. Fossett; M. Therese Seibert | Go to book overview

5
Cross-Sectional Analyses

In this chapter we report the results of cross-sectional regression analyses investigating the effects of selected ecological and structural characteristics on racial inequality in southern nonmetropolitan areas. Space considerations permit us to present only a handful of the regression models we estimated in our efforts to assess the possible determinants of racial inequality. In our judgment, these are the models which best capture and summarize the key patterns of variation in our data.

The exploratory and diagnostic analyses we conducted indicated that many potential predictor variables identified in Chapter 2 could not be included in our "final" regression models for one reason or another. In some cases it was because their effects proved to be weak and inconsistent. In other cases it was because the variable proved to be conceptually and/or empirically redundant with other predictors. 1 Accordingly, the "final" models we discuss in this chapter include only a partial subset of the many predictors whose effects we examined. We crafted the specification of our "final" models based on several criteria. First, and most importantly, we emphasized substantive concerns such as the clarity of the hypothesis linking each variable in the model to racial inequality, parsimony, and the importance of each variable's effect on inequality. Secondarily, we considered the consistency of the variable's effects across decades and in both cross-sectional models and longitudinal models (presented in Chapter 6).

We firmly believe that the models we present here capture important structural influences on racial inequality in nonmetropolitan stratification systems. However, we also recognize that alternative models might have been developed even using our own data set. For example, the variables percent of labor force employed in white-

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Long Time Coming: Racial Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan South, 1940-1990
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 16
  • 2 - Determinants of Racial Inequality in Nonmetropolitan Areas 18
  • Notes 70
  • 3 - Measurement Issues 76
  • Notes 89
  • 4 - Trends in Inequality 91
  • Notes 126
  • 5 - Cross-Sectional Analyses 129
  • Notes 156
  • 6 - Longitudinal Analyses 159
  • Notes 185
  • 7 - Overview and Discussion 187
  • Appendix A - Measuring Inequality 195
  • Notes 224
  • Appendix B - Measuring Inequality with Census Occupation Data 229
  • Notes 246
  • Appendix C - Measures 248
  • Notes 258
  • References 261
  • Index 273
  • About the Book and Authors 285
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