Long Time Coming: Racial Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan South, 1940-1990

By Mark A. Fossett; M. Therese Seibert | Go to book overview

are evaluated. But we are careful to stress that our longitudinal analyses must be seen as exploratory in nature. There are no prior examples of longitudinal analysis comparable to ours in the literature. On the one hand, that means that our analyses provide an important new contribution to the study of racial inequality in nonmetropolitan areas. On the other hand, it also means that findings developed from longitudinal analyses have yet to be replicated and refined by others. Until this is done and until longitudinal analyses of inequality are more common in the literature, it would be unwise to abandon the much greater body of literature that is based on analyses of cross-sectional data.


Notes
1.
The same comparison holds for the square root of percent Black, the variable used in the regression analyses. The standard deviation for decadeto-decade changes is 0.3 while the standard deviation for level scores is 1.7. Thus, the cross-sectional variation is more than 5 times greater than the temporal variation.
2.
Note that for percent Black the twice lagged level score and the once lagged change score are used instead of the once-lagged level score and the change score. This is because there is reason to expect negative feedback between change in percent Black and change in inequality, that is, percent Black declines as inequality increases ( Stinner and DeJong 1969). Turning to the longer lags helps minimize the effect of this feedback. Future research should consider models which allow for reciprocal effects.
3.
The mean for female labor force share does change substantially over time. However, changes within decades are more uniform than level scores within decades as the standard deviation for the change scores is less than one third that observed for the level scores.
4.
This is more readily apparent when noting that this specification is mathematically identical to a specification where the level of inequality is regressed on the lagged level of inequality and changes in the other independent variables.
5.
As note earlier, an alternative specification using the lagged change in female labor force share (and the twice lagged level) showed a significant positive effect suggesting that the specification used here is not optimal for assessing the effect of female labor force share.
6.
For reasons outlined earlier, level and change scores for percent Black is measured one decade prior to similar measures for inequality. Thus, the "level" score for percent Black is one decade prior to the level score for inequality; the "lagged" level score for percent Black is one decade prior to

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Long Time Coming: Racial Inequality in the Nonmetropolitan South, 1940-1990
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 16
  • 2 - Determinants of Racial Inequality in Nonmetropolitan Areas 18
  • Notes 70
  • 3 - Measurement Issues 76
  • Notes 89
  • 4 - Trends in Inequality 91
  • Notes 126
  • 5 - Cross-Sectional Analyses 129
  • Notes 156
  • 6 - Longitudinal Analyses 159
  • Notes 185
  • 7 - Overview and Discussion 187
  • Appendix A - Measuring Inequality 195
  • Notes 224
  • Appendix B - Measuring Inequality with Census Occupation Data 229
  • Notes 246
  • Appendix C - Measures 248
  • Notes 258
  • References 261
  • Index 273
  • About the Book and Authors 285
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