OF the measures and weights used in Egypt I am not able to give an exact account; for, after diligent search, I have not succeeded in finding any two specimens of the same denomination perfectly agreeing with each other, and generally the difference has been very considerable; but in those cases in which I have given the minimum and maximum, the former may be received as approximating very nearly to the just equivalent. The tradesmen in Egypt, from fear of the Mohtes″ib, mostly have measures and weights a little exceeding the true standards, though stamped by the government, which takes care to have such measures and weights employed in the purchases which it makes, and equal care, no doubt, to use those which are more true in selling.
The "fitr" is the space measured by the extension of the thumb and first finger.
The "shibr" is the common span, measured by the extension of the thumb and little finger.
The "diráa belecdee" (or "cubit of the country" -- the common Egyptian cubit), which is used for measuring the linen, etc., manufactured in Egypt, is equal to 22 inches and two-thirds.
The "diráa hindázeh," chiefly used for measuring Indian goods, is about 25 inches.