Social Interaction, Social Context, and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin-Tripp

By Dan Isaac Slobin; Julie Gerhardt et al. | Go to book overview

5 1
CODE-SWITCHING OR CODE-MIXING: APPARENT ANOMALIES IN SEMI-FORMAL REGISTERS

Allen Grimshaw
Indiana University, Bloomington

"You can't call me honey, you're not the mommy." -- A little girl in California (reported by Susan Ervin-Tripp)2


INTRODUCTION

The first piece I ever read on the interaction of social dimensions with choice of language variety (or as we now all realize, language production more generally) was Susan Ervin-Tripp's ( SET), "An analysis of the interaction of language, topic, and listener," in the now classic special 1964 issue of the American Anthropologist edited by Gumperz and Hymes. Within an interview study of native Japanese women who had married American men and come to live in the San Francisco area, SET did an "experiment," seeking to identify how ethnicity of interviewer, language of interview, and topic, influenced code selection and, when code was "fixed" -- interference. Many of her reported findings, e.g., that each of the variables just listed affected speech production of those interviewed and that effects were cumulative, are not surprising from the perspective of what we know today -- some, such as differences in answers to the same question in different languages, show an influence of language of discourse which is still

____________________
1
I am indebted to Doug Maynard for a particularly helpful reading of an earlier version of this paper.
2
This example is about rules for language use; it certainly doesn't tell us much about code-switching. But of all the stories about language in use told me by Susan Ervin-Tripp it is my favorite -- and the most often retold.

-83-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Social Interaction, Social Context, and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin-Tripp
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 655

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.