Social Interaction, Social Context, and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin-Tripp

By Dan Isaac Slobin; Julie Gerhardt et al. | Go to book overview

APPENDIX
CODING SCHEME FOR EXAMINING GENDER DIFFERENCES IN PEER TALK
CONFLICT EXCHANGES
Conflict An exchange consisting of at least one challenging move (e.g.,
a refusal, or a move to take something away from partner) that
is responded to. The response does not have to be a challenge
or refusal.
Extended Conflict An exchange consisting of at least three moves: an initiating
challenge, followed by a response challenge, followed by anoth-
er move (which can be either a challenge or a capitula-
tion/giving in).
Conflict Resolution Give-in, compromise, abandonment. (Count each give-in and
compromise for each partner.)
Challenge Disagreeing with another person on ideas or agenda, such as
rejection, refusal, scolding, etc., defined here as the "opening
move of a conflict." (Count the number of times each child
makes a challenge.)
Refusal Count the number of refusals (disagreeing to go along with what
partner wants) within a conflict, omitting the challenge (opening
move of the conflict).
CONTROL MOVES
Control moves are attempts to change the behavior of another. This can be a command,
refusal, or request.
Direct Commands Moves that directly specify what the speaker wants the address-
ee to do (e.g., "Wash the dishes"). Also included in this cate-
gory are need- and want-statements with the intended actor
explicitly specified ("I want you to wash the dishes"; "I need
you to give that to me").
Interrogatives Question forms of requests. These are open forms that give the
addressee an out in terms of complying (e.g., "Could you wash
the dishes?" "Wash the dishes, okay?"). This category also
includes forms that request the addressee's opinion. ("Should
this go here?").
Hints Moves that attempt to elicit an action from the addressee but
this action is not explicitly mentioned (e.g., "My coffee is get-
ting cold"; "The book is too far away for me to reach").

-576-

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