Childhood Bilingualism: Aspects of Linguistic, Cognitive, and Social Development

By Peter Homel; Michael Palij et al. | Go to book overview

to foster good intergroup relations and the desire to retain one's ethnic identity. The significance of having a climate of good intergroup relations has long been recognized and needs only to be underscored in the present context. The importance of creating or maintaining a secure ethnolinguistic identity emerges as a central issue that is only beginning to be appreciated. Threats to ethnic identity arose in the context of a deculturation ideology only indirectly but were central to the assimilation, integration, and separatism ideologies. The process of identity is as yet not well enough understood to allow a confident appreciation of its role in successful bilingual programs. It is in this uncertain context that a tentative suggestion is made about the multicultural ideology, which offers the best chance for ensuring the success of bilingualism. Specifically, an integrationist orientation building on a shared perspective in which all concerned have contributed to that perspective may eliminate many of the intergroup barriers to effective childhood bilingualism.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

I wish to thank M. P. Walker for comments made on an earlier draft of the paper.


REFERENCES

Ben-Zeev, S. ( 1977). The influence of bilingualism on cognitive development and cognitive strategy. Child Development, 1009-18.

Berry, J. W. ( 1975). Amerindian attitudes toward assimilation: Multicultural policy and reality in Canada. Journal of Institute of Social Research, 1, 47-58.

Berry, J. W. ( 1983). Acculturation: A comparative analysis of alternative forms. In R. J. Samuda & S. L. Woods (Eds.), Perspectives in Immigrant and Minority Education. (pp. 65-78). Lanham, Maryland. University Press of America.

Berry, J. W., Kalin, R., & Taylor, D. M. ( 1977). Multiculturalism and ethnic attitudes in Canada. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services.

Brown, R. J. ( 1978). Divided we fall: An analysis of relations between sections of a factory workforce. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Differentiation between social groups: Studies in the social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 395-429). London: Academic Press.

Byrne, D. ( 1969). Attitudes and attraction. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 4) (pp. 35-89). New York: Academic Press.

Carroll, J. B. ( 1958). A factor analysis of two foreign language aptitude batteries. Journal of General Psychology, 59, 3-19.

Carroll, J. B. ( 1974). Aptitude in second language learning. Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics, 8-23.

Carroll, J. B., & Sapon, S. M. ( 1959). Modern language aptitude test, Form A. New York: Psychological Corporation.

Dipboye, R. L. ( 1977). Alternative approaches to deindividuation. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 1057-1075.

Frasure-Smith, N., Lambert, W. E., & Taylor, D. M. ( 1975). Choosing the language of instruction for one's children: A Quebec study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 6, 131-155.

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