BARUCH found himself helpless as a result of Wilson's sickbed decision. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge had won his objective. He had carefully compromised with the so- called "mild reservationist" Republican senators until he had worked out reservations every one of them would support. This was quite an achievement, because actually some of them were far more enthusiastic for the Treaty than many of the Democratic senators.
Porter J. McCumber, of North Dakota, was probably more favorable to ratification of the treaty and getting the United States into the League, regardless of reservations, than anyone else in the Senate. Senator Colt, of Rhode Island, told a group of newspapermen who were in favor of killing the treaty that he did not see how they could sleep at night. Senator Kellogg, of Minnesota, was bedubbed Nervous Nellie, which was to haunt him after he became Secretary of State, because he kept wavering as to whether he could agree to this or that one of the Lodge reservations. Public sentiment was for strong reservations. Senator Charles L. McNary, of Oregon, was one of the few mild reservationists to be reelected.
Having worked out reservations as strong as he could and yet have every one of the forty-nine Republican senators vote for them, Lodge prayed that Wilson would refuse to accept them. Had Wilson accepted, Lodge knew that only about twenty