Children's Literature in China: From Lu Xun to Mao Zedong

By Mary Ann Farquhar | Go to book overview

elevated an art form initially despised by both Confucian and May Fourth intelligentsia. Comics were not to be judged according to standards prevailing in children's literature, but according to standards of popularization. By these standards, the work of the artist is enhanced by being modestly bound, and held, not in some actual representation of Lu Xun's 'temple of art', but in the hands of China's millions. To ignore this popular literature and concentrate narrowly on the 'exclusive' written forms of May Fourth children's literature is to ignore children's most popular reading material. It also ignores one of the major Marxist contributions to the field of modern Chinese literature.


Notes
1.
Qu Qiubai, "'The Question of Popular Literature and Art'", translated by Pickowicz, P., in Berninghausen, J. et al., Revolutionary Literature in China: An Anthology, op. cit., p. 47.
2.
The Chinese term for comic, lianhuan tuhua or later lianhuanhua, literally means 'serial pictures'. I have translated it as its nearest Western counterpart, 'comic': an artistic form serially linked to tell a story and supported by a short text and/or conversation. It should be noted that comics, in both the west or China, are not necessarily comical or humourous.
3.
McDougall, B. S., "'Preface'", in McDougall, B. S. (ed.), Popular Chinese Literature and the Performing Arts in the People's Republic of China 1949-1979, op. cit., p. xi.
4.
A Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua ( Beijing, 1957), p. 2.
5.
Chiang Wei-pu, "'Chinese Picture Story Books'", op. cit., p. 16.
6.
A Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua, op. cit., p. 24.
8.
Lu Xun, 'Lianhuantuhua" Bianhu', Lu Xun Quanji, Vol. 5, p. 40.
9.
A Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua, op. cit., p. 25.
10.
Lu Xun, "'Lianhuantuhua Xiaotan'", Lu Xun Quanji, Vol. 6, p. 32.
11.
Mao Dun, "'Lianhuantuhua Xiaoshuo'", Mao Dun Wenji, Vol. 9 ( Hong Kong 1966), p. 76.
12.
A Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua, op. cit., p. 27.
13.
Mao Dun, "'Lianhuantuhua Xiaoshuo'", op. cit., p. 77.
15.
A. Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua, op. cit., pp. 24-5. Zhao Hongben was one of nineteen artists cited in 1981 for their outstanding contribution to the genre.
16.
Wu Nong and Li Lu, "'Huiqi Huabi zai Changzheng'", Lianhuanhuabao, No. 10 ( 1979), p. 34.
19.
A. Ying, Zhongguo Lianhuantuhua Shihua, op. cit., p. 24.
20.
Lu Xun, "'Disanzhong Ren'", Lu Xun Quanji, Vol. 5, p. 37.

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Children's Literature in China: From Lu Xun to Mao Zedong
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Studies on Modern China ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 10
  • 1 - The Historical Background 13
  • Conclusion 36
  • Notes 37
  • 2 - Lu Xun and the World of Children 41
  • Conclusion 84
  • Notes 86
  • 3 - A New Children's Literature 91
  • Conclusion 138
  • Notes 139
  • 4 - Revolutionary Children's Literature 143
  • Conclusion 185
  • Notes 187
  • 5 - Comic Books and Popularization 191
  • Conclusion 242
  • Notes 244
  • 6 - Children's Literature in the People's Republic of China 249
  • Conclusion 293
  • Notes 295
  • 7 - The Post-Mao Canon 299
  • Conclusion 305
  • Notes 306
  • Bibliography 307
  • Index 325
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